Annenkov, Pavel Vasil’evich
Born June 19 (July 1), 1813 (according to other information, June 18 , 1812), in Moscow; died Mar. 8 (20), 1887, in Dresden. Russian literary critic and memoirist.
In the 1840’s Annenkov was close to V. G. Belinskii, N. V. Gogol, and A. I. Herzen, and later, to I. S. Tur-genev. He was a liberal westernizer in his political convictions. He knew K. Marx personally and corresponded with him during 1846–47. In his literary criticism, he asserted the necessity for literature to exert a moral influence on society; however, he took the position of aesthetic criticism in his struggle against N. G. Chernyshevskii’s circle. His memoirs are a valuable source for the study of the social movement of the 1830’s and 1840’s.
WORKSVospominaniia i kriticheskie ocherki, vols. 1–3. St. Petersburg, 1877–81.
Literaturnye vospominaniia. Foreword by N. K. Piksanov. Leningrad, 1928.
Literaturnye vospominaniia. Introductory article by V. P. Dorofeev. [Moscow,] 1960.