Anna

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Anna

, czarina of Russia
Anna (Anna Ivanovna) (änˈnə ĭväˈnôvnə), 1693–1740, czarina of Russia (1730–40), daughter of Ivan V and niece of Peter I (Peter the Great). On the death of her distant cousin, Peter II, she was chosen czarina by the supreme privy council, which thus hoped to gain power for itself. Anna signed articles limiting her power, but she soon restored autocratic rule, with support from the lesser nobility and the imperial guards. She made minor concessions to the nobles but restored the security police and terrorized opponents. Distrusting the nobility, she excluded Russians from high positions and surrounded herself with Baltic Germans. Her favorite, Ernst Johann von Biron, had the greatest influence. Allied with Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Anna intervened in the War of the Polish Succession (1733–35), installed Augustus III as king of Poland, and attacked Turkey in 1736. Charles's separate peace with the Turks at Belgrade forced Russia to make peace in turn, at the price of all recent conquests except Azov. During Anna's reign began the great Russian push into central Asia. She was succeeded by her grandnephew, Ivan VI.

Anna

, in the Bible
Anna (ănˈə), [Gr.,=Heb. Hannah], in the Bible. 1 Aged prophetess who hailed Jesus' presentation at the Temple. 2 In the Book of Tobit, the mother of young Tobias.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anna

 

an urban-type settlement, the administrative center of Anna Raion, Voronezh Oblast, RSFSR. It is the terminal station on a branch of the Griazi-Voronezh railway line. Population in 1968, 16,300. Industry consists of an oil mill, distillery, winery, asphalt and concrete factory, brickyard, furniture factory, and poultry combine.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

anna

a former Indian copper coin, worth one sixteenth of a rupee
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Anna

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