Annie Jump Cannon

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cannon, Annie Jump


Born Dec. 11, 1863, in Dover, Del.; died Apr. 13, 1941, in Cambridge, Mass. American astronomer.

Cannon graduated from Wellesley College in 1884. From 1897 to 1941 she was on the staff of the Harvard Observatory. Cannon, together with E. Pickering, published (1918–24) a voluminous work that contained a classification of the spectra of 225,330 stars.


Pannekoek, A. Istoriia astronomii. (Translated from English.) Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A German astronomer was the first woman to receive a salary as a scientist Annie Cannon (1863-1941) American suffragist and astronomer, instrumental in how astronomy classifies stars Mary Proctor (1862-1957) Popularised astronomy with books for children Marie Curie (1867-1934) Became the first woman to win Nobel Prize Lise Meitner (1878) Austrian-Swedish physicist whose research led to the development of nuclear reactors Amalie Noether (1882-1935) Iconic woman in the history of mathematics Laurel Clark (1961-2003) Clark died along with six other crew members in the Columbia shuttle disaster.
There's also the matter of Bibeth Orteza, who replaces the terrific Sheila Francisco in the role of Annie Cannon, the dominating life force in the story's Harvard workroom.
Henrietta's ambition is also initially resisted by her fellow female mathematical tabulators, colloquially called "computers." Annie Cannon (an appropriately prickly Julie Bayer) is all business, while Williamina Fleming (a wonderfully down-to-earth JoAnn Smith) is much more fun and feisty.
She, along with Annie Cannon and Williamina Fleming, were among the first women to blaze a trail for themselves in the heavily male-dominated science of astronomy.
Jen Ferro and Sharon Sless play the other two "computers" - the fierce Annie Cannon, who becomes a proud suffragette, and the cheeky Williamina Fleming, who started out as the director's housekeeper.
"I selected personalities that were involved not only with important discoveries but also because of obstacles they had to overcome." Like British chemist and physicist Michael Faraday, who came from an impoverished family and had little education; or astronomer Cecilia Payne, whose gender was a challenge to the mostly male world of science; and astronomer Annie Cannon, who not only had to fight sexism, but also was deaf.
Huntershill Hospice: pounds 30 In memory of Annie Cannon who died May 7, 2007, always in our hearts from husband John, Margaret and Marion.
They look like parade floats as they drag their mates up onto the sand and dig more nests." The use of watercolors prepared by Annie Cannon is a good medium for the humble and somewhat mysterious horseshoe crab.
Watching Henri and her cocomputers Annie Cannon and Williamina Fleming (played by Bibeth Orteza and Naths Everett, respectively) fulfill their responsibilities with aplomb and wit brought to mind the dilemma of Cara (not her real name), the finance head of their manufacturing family business in the Visayas.
The women at the observatory included Annie Cannon, played by Julie Bayer of Batavia, and Williamina Fleming, played by JoAnn Smith of Roselle, already at work as computers -- which was a term for human workers at the time.
Huntershill Hospice: pounds 50 In memory of Annie Cannon, who died May 7, 2007.
She, along with Annie Cannon and Williamina Fleming, were among the first to blaze a trail for women in the heavily male-dominated field of astronomy.