Electrolytic Cell

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electrolytic cell

[i′lek·trə‚lid·ik ′sel]
(physical chemistry)
A cell consisting of electrodes immersed in an electrolyte solution, for carrying out electrolysis.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Electrolytic Cell


a vessel containing an electrolyte (or electrolytes) and equipped with electrodes and used for performing electrochemical reactions.

The basic structural elements of industrial electrolyzers, electrolytic cells are also used by themselves, primarily in laboratory work to study electrode processes, perform electroanalytical measurements, and produce and purify compounds by electrolysis. Electrolytic cells vary considerably in design. In electrochemical work, electrolytic cells with three electrodes are ordinarily used: a working electrode, an auxiliary electrode, and a reference electrode. Complex electrolytic cells may also contain indicator electrodes. Special electrolytic cells must meet additional requirements; for example, they must provide for the possibility of conducting electrochemical studies in combination with other methods of physicochemical research.

Electrolytic cells are also used in physical modeling; in particular, they are used to construct models of the electric field of electronic devices, such as electron tubes.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In anodic oxidation, many reports exist on the influence of pH solution, but the results are diverse and even contradictory due to different organic structures and electrode materials [1].
Anodic oxidation of the resulting oxide film thickness, with a certain degree of strength and hardness, the corrosion of the magnesium substrate has a certain degree of protection, wear resistance and corrosion resistance than the chemical conversion film.
However, when the terminal potential was set at 1.6 V, the high potential led to strongly anodic oxidation, which had an effect on fabricating structures on surface.
[2.] Hyeoung Ho Park, II Song Park, Kyeong Seon Kim, Tae Sung Bae and Min Ho Lee, Bioactive and Electrochemical Characterization of Ti[O.sub.2] nanotubes on titanium via anodic oxidation, Electrochimica Acta, 55, 6109-6114 (2010).
Titanium oxide films produced on commercially pure titanium by anodic oxidation with different voltages.
Czochralski ([C.sub.z]) grown four-inch diameter P-type boron doped (resistivity 1-10 Q cm) {100} oriented single side polished silicon wafers are diced into 23 x 23 [mm.sup.2] chip size for the deposition of oxide film using anodic oxidation technique.
Adhoum, "Anodic oxidation and electro-Fenton treatment of rotenone," Electrochimica Acta, vol.
Kokubo, "Preparation of bioactive titanium metal via anodic oxidation treatment," Biomaterials, vol.
Titania nanotubes are synthesized through various methods, including hydrothermal, sol-gel and electrochemical anodic oxidation (anodizing) methods.
In order to improve the natural oxide film, an electrolytic passivation process called anodic oxidation, or anodising, is often used.
Some specific subjects covered include the use of intelligent elements in vibration diagnostics of CNC machines, microhardness of coatings created by anodic oxidation of aluminum, and operation of a water jet system in a sandstone quarry.