Electrolytic Cell

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electrolytic cell

[i′lek·trə‚lid·ik ′sel]
(physical chemistry)
A cell consisting of electrodes immersed in an electrolyte solution, for carrying out electrolysis.

Electrolytic Cell

 

a vessel containing an electrolyte (or electrolytes) and equipped with electrodes and used for performing electrochemical reactions.

The basic structural elements of industrial electrolyzers, electrolytic cells are also used by themselves, primarily in laboratory work to study electrode processes, perform electroanalytical measurements, and produce and purify compounds by electrolysis. Electrolytic cells vary considerably in design. In electrochemical work, electrolytic cells with three electrodes are ordinarily used: a working electrode, an auxiliary electrode, and a reference electrode. Complex electrolytic cells may also contain indicator electrodes. Special electrolytic cells must meet additional requirements; for example, they must provide for the possibility of conducting electrochemical studies in combination with other methods of physicochemical research.

Electrolytic cells are also used in physical modeling; in particular, they are used to construct models of the electric field of electronic devices, such as electron tubes.

A. N. CHEMODANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Anodic oxidation of the resulting oxide film thickness, with a certain degree of strength and hardness, the corrosion of the magnesium substrate has a certain degree of protection, wear resistance and corrosion resistance than the chemical conversion film.
3a and 3b after point C show that electrochemical polymerization process becomes the major reaction in the solutions containing ATP while the anodic oxidation reaction is the major reaction in the solutions without ATP.
Bangcheng Yanga, Masaiki Uchidab, Hyun-Min Kim, Xingdong Zhanga and Tadashi Kokubo, Preparation of bioactive titanium metal via anodic oxidation treatment, Biomaterials, 25 (6), 1003-1010 (2004).
Titanium oxide films produced on commercially pure titanium by anodic oxidation with different voltages.
25 sq cm) as cathode and a Pt wire electrode as anode in case of degradation of dye by anodic oxidation with Pt electrodes.
Morphological images of the TiUnite[R] surface before exposure to Expasyl[R] showed a porous structure with numerous craters created during the surface modification phenomenon of anodic oxidation, produced by the manufacturer.
They supposed that the first peak is due to the anodic oxidation of nickel (to give the complex Ni[OH.
Measurement of abrasion resistance of anodic oxidation coatings
Based on the electric field distribution at the pore bottoms and the kinetics growth of porous alumina films formed by anodic oxidation, the resulting film morphology is controlled by the interplay between film growth and oxide dissolution [3].
High voltage micro-arc anodic oxidation (MAO) has shown promise, so far not as a final coating because of its high porosity, but as an excellent platform for subsequent painting.
In addition it has been reported that the antioxidant activity of AA was enhanced in micelles systems in some study of the anodic oxidation of AA and its lipophilic derivates in the presence of micelles (JAISWAL et al.
The kinetics and activity of lead dioxide, for anodic oxidation of n-butanol in sulphuric acid electrolytes, is pronouncedly influenced by the presence of aluminium and magnesium cations in the electrodeposited anodes.