anteater

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anteater,

name applied to various animals that feed on ants, termites, and other insects, but more properly restricted to a completely toothless group of the order Edentata. There are four species classified in three genera, all found in tropical Central and South America. The great anteater, or ant bear (Myrmecophaga), has an elongated, almost cylindrical head and snout, a long sticky tongue, a coarse-haired body about 4 ft (1.2 m) long, and a long, broad tail. The large, sharp claws on the forefeet are weapons of defense and are used to open the hard earth mounds of termites and ants, which are then picked up on the saliva-coated tongue. The tongue extends to a length of about 2 ft (60 cm). The collared, or lesser, anteater (Tamandua), less than half the size of the great anteater, is a short-haired yellowish and black arboreal creature. The arboreal two-toed anteater (Cyclopes) is the size of a squirrel and has a prehensile tail and silky yellow fur. Other animals called anteater are members of other groups. The banded anteater of Australia is a marsupial; the spiny anteater, also of Australia, is a monotreme related to the platypusplatypus
, semiaquatic egg-laying mammal, Ornithorhynchus anatinus, of Tasmania and E Australia. Also called duckbill, or duckbilled platypus, it belongs to the order Monotremata (see monotreme), the most primitive group of living mammals.
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. For the scaly anteater, see pangolinpangolin
, armored, toothless mammal of tropical Asia and Africa. Pangolins range in length from 3 to 6 ft (90–180 cm) including the long, broad tail. Their snouts are narrow and pointed.
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. True anteaters are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Edentata, family Myrmecophagidae.

anteater

[′ant‚ēd·ər]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of several mammals, in five orders, which live on a diet of ants and termites.

anteater

1. any toothless edentate mammal of the family Myrmecophagidae of Central and South America, esp Myrmecophaga tridactyla (or jubata) (giant anteater), having a long tubular snout used for eating termites
2. scaly anteater another name for pangolin
3. spiny anteater another name for echidna
4. banded anteater another name for numbat
References in periodicals archive ?
Burrows quantification: Two kinds of burrows of scaly ant-eater were observed in the study area; sleeping or permanent burrows, and the feeding or temporary burrows.
Both feeding and permanent burrows of scaly ant-eater were recorded at different elevations in the park (Fig.
Abundance estimates: On the basis of counts of active, permanent, living burrows, recorded at fifteen different sites at different elevations in the MHNP (Table 3), average population density of the scaly ant-eater has been, estimated to be 0.
These results suggest preference of the Scaly ant-eater for these vegetation species in its habitat.
Size of feeding burrows of the Scaly ant-eater, quantified at six selected sampling sites of the MHNP, Islamabad during the current study period.
Average parameters of living burrows (permanent burrows) of Scaly ant-eater quantified at six selected sampling sites of MHNP, Islamabad, during the current study period.
Location of feeding and living burrows of the Scaly ant-eater at fifteen different sampling sites in the Margalla Hills National Park Islamabad, Pakistan.
Scaly ant-eater (Manis crassicaudata) is being hunted and killed for its keratinized scales, meat and trade purposes from its natural habitat (Mahmood et al.
Roberts (1997) had reported that scaly ant-eater occurs in the sub-tropical thorn forest of the Potohar plateau and in Rawalpindi foothills up to 750 m elevation above sea level.
The scaly ant-eater has been found to dig two types of burrows; one temporary called feeding burrows (which it excavates during foraging on ants and termites), and the other permanent called sleeping or living burrows.