antacid

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antacid,

any one of several basic substances that counteract stomach acidity (see stomachstomach,
saclike dilation in the gastrointestinal tract between the esophagus and the intestines, forming an organ of digestion. The stomach is present in virtually all vertebrate animals and in many invertebrates.
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). Antacids are used by physicians to treat hyperchlorhydria, i.e., the excessive production of hydrochloric acid by the parietal cells lining the stomach. Commonly used antacid preparations, most sold without prescription, contain sodium bicarbonate, magnesium hydroxide, or aluminum hydroxide. Some preparations contain substances such as magnesium trisilicate that reduce the formation of gas.

antacid

[′ant′as·əd]
(chemistry)
Any substance that counteracts or neutralizes acidity.

antacid

1. a substance used to neutralize acidity, esp in the stomach
2. having the properties of this substance
References in periodicals archive ?
* If you are on a salt-restricted diet, avoid sodium bicarbonate antacids, which contain whopping doses of sodium.
Children who took antacids after age 1, spent more than a week in a neonatal intensive care unit, or had nonaccidental trauma (abuse) or osteogenesis imperfecta were excluded.
Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc.'s Zantac 150 Antacid tablets had nearly 6% of the tablets market, according to IRI.
"Additional studies are needed to validate the chemo-preventive effects of antacids
Liquid antacids: A comparative study on palatability and cost effectiveness.
As if all that wasn't bad enough, new studies indicate that antacids interfere with the absorption of your thyroid medication and increase your risk for a broken hip.
Well, in its prescription form, Pepcid alone racked up about $625 million in sales last year, partially on the strength of the fact that like all H2 blockers it actually cuts off the production of stomach acid rather than just neutralizing editing acid, as do Mylanta and other calcium carbonate or magnesium hydroxide-based antacids.
Long-term use of antacids, however, can result in side effects, including diarrhea, altered calcium metabolism (a change in the way the body breaks down and uses calcium), and buildup of magnesium in the body.
* Antacids containing aluminum and magnesium can also affect the absorption rate of drugs such as Dicumarol, an anticoagulant, causing blood levels to peak higher and earlier than desired.
Antacids neutralize gastric acidity and inactivate the proteolytic activity of pepsin by buffering the hydrogen ions secreted by parietal cells.
[ClickPress, Wed May 01 2019] Looking at the current market trends as well as the promising demand status of the " Antacids Market ", it can be projected that the future years will bring out positive outcomes.
Eat little and often, sleep with several pillows, take antacids and see your doctor for a specific diagnosis and treatment.