Antanas Baranauskas

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baranauskas, Antanas


Born Jan. 17, 1835, in Anyk-sciai; died Nov. 26, 1902, in Seinai. Lithuanian poet and philologist. Born into the family of a government serf.

In 1862, Baranauskas graduated from the St. Petersburg Theological Academy. He was a professor at the theological seminary and, later, a bishop. In 1858–59 Baranauskas wrote the narrative poem The Anykŝčiai Pine Forest, an excellent piece of Lithuanian poetry, in which the beauties of nature and the spiritual richness of the Lithuanian people were greatly extolled. The poem was directed against the oppression of serfdom, arbitrary autocracy, and incipient capitalist relations. After the suppression of the revolt of 1863, Baranauskas took up narrow clericalist positions and moved away from poetry. Baranauskas was the first Lithuanian dialectologist and the creator of Lithuanian grammatical terminology.


Anykščciu̧ šilelis. Vilnius, 1966.
Anikshchiaiskii bor. Vilnius, 1952. (Translated from Lithuanian by N. Tikhonova.)


Liétuviu̧ literatūros istorija, vol. 1. Vilnius, 1957.
Mikŝytė, R. Antanas Baranauskokūryba. Vilnius, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.