Figure 2 plots the amount of received energy predicted by the Friis equation at 900 MHz and 2.4 GHz for a 30 dBm transmitter, assuming 0 dB transmit and received antenna gain
. Within close proximity from a source (several cm), several tens of milliwatts of power can be received.
It provides for storage and reporting of the experimental results, which can be presented in Field Strength, ERP and antenna gain
. Total Radiated Power and other statistics are calculated from 3-axis rotations.
Rossitier will deliver "a crash course"that focuses on the use of antenna gain
, null fill and beam tilt as well as the relationship between your transmitter and antenna, and how to properly match and configure both to maximize your Antenna Gain
, Transmitter Power, and Coverage.
In , an E-shaped slot is investigated along the orthogonal axis of the circular patch to generate CP performance and to improve antenna gain
. This antenna has wide-angle CP radiation of 140[degrees] with a bandwidth of 3.2% and a gain of more than 5.0 dBic at 2.38 GHz.
where Pr is the received power in dbm, pt is transmitted power in dbm, Gr is receiver antenna gain
in db, Gt is transmitter antenna gain
in db, ht is transmitter height in meters, hr is received antenna height in meters, and d is the distance between transmitter and receiver in meters.
The simulated and measured antenna gain
are shown in Fig.
These components will ensure us quite enough antenna gain
however, no radiation patterns and input impedance characteristics are obtained.
where [P.sub.t] is maximum output power of power amplifier (PA), [G.sub.t] is transmit antenna gain
, [G.sub.r] is receiver antenna gain
, [L.sub.backoff] is back-off value, [L.sub.tx] is transmitter losses between PA and antenna, [L.sub.rx] is receiver losses between antenna and low noise amplifier (LNA), [L.sub.rain] is rain losses, [L.sub.atm] is atmospheric losses, [L.sub.stat] is statistical losses due to multipath environment, [L.sub.pol] is polarization losses, [L.sub.fs] is free space path loss, [L.sub.fs] = [(4[pi]d/[lambda]).sup.2], [lambda] is wavelength, [lambda] = c/[f.sub.c], c = 3 x [10.sup.8] m/s, [f.sub.c] is carrier frequency, and d is distance between transmitter AC and receiver AC.
Motivated by this fact, in this paper we focus on investigating the performance analysis of the 3D-MIMO system over composite fading channels including the path-loss, the lognormal (LN) shadow fading and 3D antenna gain
The proposed antenna was modeled by utilizing a composite right-and left-handed (CRLH) transmission line, and provided 6 dBi to 9.3 dBi of the antenna gain
and a reduced small size compared to a conventional microstrip patch antenna.