Figure 2 plots the amount of received energy predicted by the Friis equation at 900 MHz and 2.4 GHz for a 30 dBm transmitter, assuming 0 dB transmit and received

antenna gain. Within close proximity from a source (several cm), several tens of milliwatts of power can be received.

It provides for storage and reporting of the experimental results, which can be presented in Field Strength, ERP and

antenna gain. Total Radiated Power and other statistics are calculated from 3-axis rotations.

Rossitier will deliver "a crash course"that focuses on the use of

antenna gain, null fill and beam tilt as well as the relationship between your transmitter and antenna, and how to properly match and configure both to maximize your

Antenna Gain, Transmitter Power, and Coverage.

In [11], an E-shaped slot is investigated along the orthogonal axis of the circular patch to generate CP performance and to improve

antenna gain. This antenna has wide-angle CP radiation of 140[degrees] with a bandwidth of 3.2% and a gain of more than 5.0 dBic at 2.38 GHz.

where Pr is the received power in dbm, pt is transmitted power in dbm, Gr is receiver

antenna gain in db, Gt is transmitter

antenna gain in db, ht is transmitter height in meters, hr is received antenna height in meters, and d is the distance between transmitter and receiver in meters.

The simulated and measured

antenna gain are shown in Fig.

These components will ensure us quite enough

antenna gain however, no radiation patterns and input impedance characteristics are obtained.

where [P.sub.t] is maximum output power of power amplifier (PA), [G.sub.t] is transmit

antenna gain, [G.sub.r] is receiver

antenna gain, [L.sub.backoff] is back-off value, [L.sub.tx] is transmitter losses between PA and antenna, [L.sub.rx] is receiver losses between antenna and low noise amplifier (LNA), [L.sub.rain] is rain losses, [L.sub.atm] is atmospheric losses, [L.sub.stat] is statistical losses due to multipath environment, [L.sub.pol] is polarization losses, [L.sub.fs] is free space path loss, [L.sub.fs] = [(4[pi]d/[lambda]).sup.2], [lambda] is wavelength, [lambda] = c/[f.sub.c], c = 3 x [10.sup.8] m/s, [f.sub.c] is carrier frequency, and d is distance between transmitter AC and receiver AC.

Motivated by this fact, in this paper we focus on investigating the performance analysis of the 3D-MIMO system over composite fading channels including the path-loss, the lognormal (LN) shadow fading and 3D

antenna gain.

The proposed antenna was modeled by utilizing a composite right-and left-handed (CRLH) transmission line, and provided 6 dBi to 9.3 dBi of the

antenna gain and a reduced small size compared to a conventional microstrip patch antenna.