segment

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segment

1. Maths
a. a part of a line or curve between two points
b. a part of a plane or solid figure cut off by an intersecting line, plane, or planes, esp one between a chord and an arc of a circle
2. Zoology any of the parts into which the body or appendages of an annelid or arthropod are divided

Segment

 

in mathematics. A segment of a line is the set of points on the line that are located between two points A and B; in Russian usage, the segment includes both A and B. In other words, a segment is the set of points of a line such that the coordinates of the points satisfy the condition axb, where a and b are the coordinates of the segment endpoints. Thus, the segment constitutes a closed interval and can be denoted by [a, b].


Segment

 

(1)A segment in the plane is a region bounded by a chord and the arc of the curve subtended by the chord. The area of the segment AmB of the circle in Figure 1 is the difference between the area of the sector OAmB and the triangle OAB.

Figure 1

(2) A segment in space is a part cut off from a solid by a plane. An example is a spherical segment.

(3) A segment of a line is the set of points on a line that are located between two points A and B. In Russian usage, the two points A and B are included in the segment. Thus, a segment is the set of points on a line whose coordinates satisfy the condition axb. (SeeINTERVAL AND SEGMENT.)


Segment

 

(also metamere), one of a series of homologous parts of the body of an animal, located along the long axis of the body. Segments may be similar to one another; for instance, among the most primitive annelids the entire complex of organs is repeated in each segment. Given the same general structure, complete similarity between segments may be destroyed by the absence of certain organs or by some change in the organs: these types of segments may be observed among arthropods. The segmentation of an animal’s body is also called metamerism.

segment

[′seg·mənt]
(analytical chemistry)
A specific, demarcated portion of a lot of a substance that is to be chemically analyzed.
(computer science)
A single section of an overlay program structure, which can be loaded into the main memory when and as needed.
In some direct-access storage devices, a hardware-defined portion of a track having fixed data capacity.
(mathematics)
A segment of a line or curve is any connected piece.
A segment of a circle is a portion of the circle bounded by a chord and an arc subtended by the chord.
A segment of a totally ordered Abelian group G is a subset D of G such that if a is in D then so are all elements b satisfying -aba.
(navigation)
In air operations, a basic functional division of an instrument approach procedure; it bears a fixed orientation with respect to the course to be flown; it is assigned specific geometric coordinates which uniquely determine its position; the location of the segment is assigned with respect to the obstacles in the operations area.

segment

/seg'ment/ 1. <architecture> A collection of pages in a memory management system.

2. <programming> A separately relocatable section of an executable program. Unix executables have a text segment (executable machine instructions), a data segment (initialised data) and a bss segment (uninitialised data).

3. <networking> network segment.

4. To experience a segmentation fault. Confusingly, the stress is often put on the first syllable, like the noun "segment", rather than the second like mainstream verb "segment". This is because it is actually a noun shorthand that has been verbed.

5. A block of memory in a segmented address space.

segment

(1) Any partition, reserved area, partial component or piece of a larger structure. See overlay.

(2) One of the bars that make up a single character in an LED or LCD display.

(3) For DOS segment addressing, see paragraph.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biomicroscopy of the anterior segment was summarized in Table 1.
IOFB was impacted in anterior segment in 7 (20%) cases while it was impacted in posterior segment in 28 (80%) cases.
4,5,8,13,14] Anterior segment manifestation has been mostly reported in the form of subconjunctival hemorrhages and anterior uveitis.
The mean CD4-counts of the patients were more of those having anterior segment lesions (mean CD4-count: 305 cells/ [mm.
Anterior segment and external ocular disorders associated with human immunodeficiency virus disease.
The anterior segment was repositioned for waxing of the lingual surfaces of the maxillary anterior teeth.
1,15 The ocular morbidity due to central retinal vein occlusion is related to retinal (macular) edema, retinal ischemia and complications secondary to anterior segment neovascularization, neovascularization elsewhere or neovascularization on the disc in absence of other co-morbidities.
Neda Shamie, 38, a specialist in corneal, anterior segment and refractive surgery at the Portland, Oregon, Devers Eye Institute, was invited last year to travel back to Iran 26 years after she and her family fled.
This came at The Research Institute Ophthalmology's (RIO) 4th International Meeting, titled "Cairo Middle East Anterior Segment of Refractive Surgery Symposium," co-sponsored by The International Society of Refractive Surgery (ISRS) and The American Academy of Ophthalmology and held in the Egyptian capital from Jan14-15.
14 time * site 0 0 The frequency of anterior segment regeneration or antennal regeneration (both binary categories) was modeled as a function of site (Florida or Virginia) and time (April-May, June-July, or August-September).
Real-time optical coherence tomography of anterior segment at 1310 nm.

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