artery

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Related to Anterior tibial artery: Posterior tibial artery, Anterior recurrent tibial artery

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
The medial (anterior or dorsal) portion gets supply from the anterior tibial artery and the periosteal branches, while the lateral (posterior or ventral) portion get from the fibular artery, perforating branch of the posterior tibial and the periosteal branches.
The anterior tibial artery was the dominant arterial pedicle to the medial (or anterior) portion of the muscle supplying its upper and middle regions.
Yang, "Pseudoaneurysm of the anterior tibial artery after ankle arthroscopy treated with ultrasound-guided compression therapy: a case report," The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Al-Khaffaf, "Pseudoaneurysm of the anterior tibial artery after ankle arthroscopy," Arthroscopy, vol.
Nineteen days after arthroscopy, an anastomosis was created for the injured anterior tibial artery to prevent progression of the ankle pain and swelling.
The ankle pain and swelling had resolved immediately after repair of the anterior tibial artery injury.
At origin, all 3 vessels including the anterior tibial artery tend to be of good caliber size.
This image shows the anterior tibial artery travelling with the deep fibular nerve in the extensor compartment of the leg.
All branches origining from the anterior tibial artery coursed directly and exclusively to the tibialis anterior muscle.
The neurovascular structures course anterior to the interosseous membrane and include the anterior tibial artery and vein and the deep branch of the common peroneal nerve.
Anterior tibial artery or posterior tibial artery may be absent or reduced or increased in size.
Locoregional flaps for lower leg and ankle defects such as the peroneal artery flap, anterior tibial artery flap and posterior tibial artery flap (4-6) have the disadvantage of sacrificing a major artery in already traumatized limb.

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