Anthelmintic Treatment

Anthelmintic Treatment

 

part of the extermination of sources of infection; a complex of therapeutic and prophylactic measures for ridding man and animals of helminthiases. The Russian term degel’mintizatsiia was first proposed by Academician K. I. Skriabin in 1925. In a broader sense, anthelmintic treatment means the destruction of helminths not only in man and animals but also in the environment (the soil, water, food products, forage, and so on). Anthelmintic treatment of man and animals is accomplished mainly by means of specific pharmacological agents (anthelmintics), with subsequent obligatory neutralization of the parasites that are eliminated, as well as their fragments, eggs, and larvae.

A distinction is made between therapeutic anthelmintic treatment, which is conducted after the disease develops, and prophylactic treatment, which is generally done in a planned fashion. The latter is very widely used in livestock raising. The most important feature of prophylactic anthelmintic treatment is that anthelmintics are given not only to obviously sick animals but also to all the other animals in the same herd. Prophylactic anthelmintic treatment is carried out at set times determined by epidemiology, the epizootiology of helminthiases, and the biology of the parasites causing them. For example, to prevent gid and echinococcosis of sheep, sheepdogs are given prophylactic anthelmintic treatment every three months. The procedure is most effective when the helminths have not yet reached sexual maturity in the host (so-called preimaginal anthelmintic treatment); in this case infected animals are prevented from contracting the disease again and spreading infected matter in the environment.

REFERENCE

Stroitel’stvo gel’mintologicheskoi nauki i praktiki v SSSR, vol. 1. Moscow, 1962.

I. V. ORLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, anecdotal discussions with colleagues in the past have raised the possibility that these abnormalities are attributable to the effects of anthelmintic use on egg development, and sporadic reports exist of malformed eggs after unsuccessful or low-dose sublethal anthelmintic treatment (10, 11).
PAP was the most effective anthelmintic treatment in this study and it is readily available in tropical and subtropical regions.
Furthermore anthelmintic treatment has traditionally been achieved with a single application and farmers tolerate a considerable cost premium to maintain that convenience.
Gichohi (2002).Effects of three anthelmintic treatment regimes against Fasciola and nematodes on the performance of ewes and lambs on pasture in the highlands of Kenya.
The control of parasite infections relies on the regular anthelmintic treatment with short intervals.
The lack of compatibility studies with nematophagous fungi, as well as the lack of a standardized method for in vitro test, has prompted the development of this research, which aimed to check the in vitro activity of drugs prescribed for animal anthelmintic treatment on the fungi growth used in parasite biological control.
Other studies have shown that animals in greater need of anthelmintic treatment can be identified and treated selectively [19].
During the selection of population, flock owners were also interrogated about the use of any anthelmintic treatment to avoid sampling from anthelmintic-treated animals.
The questions addressed general management of horse, anthelmintic treatment, dosing frequency, if treatment includes all horses, efficacy of drugs after treatment, type of drugs used, and rotation.
This parasite needs comprehensive approach including anthelmintic treatment and improved managemental practices to decrease the fly population.