Anthony Eden


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Eden, Anthony

 

(Earl of Avon). Born June 12, 1897, in Windleston, Durham. British statesman; a leader of the Conservative Party.

Eden comes from an aristocratic family. He was educated at Eton and Oxford University and was an infantry officer during World War I. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons from 1923 to 1957. Eden was closely involved with British foreign policy for many years. He was secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1935 until 1938, when he left this post because of differences, basically of a tactical character, with Prime Minister N. Chamberlain, who was carrying out a policy of encouraging Germany’s fascist aggression. He was secretary of state for dominion affairs in 1939–40 and was secretary of state for foreign affairs in W. Churchill’s coalition cabinet from 1940 to 1945. Eden took part in the work of the Tehran Conference in 1943, in the Crimea [Yalta] and Potsdam conferences in 1945, and in other international conferences. He was again secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1951 to 1955 and was prime minister from April 1955 to January 1957. He attached primary importance to the preservation of Great Britain’s colonial position. Eden was one of the initiators of the Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956. After its failure, he was compelled to retire and to withdraw from active political life. He received the title of lord in 1961.

A. M. BELONOGOV

References in periodicals archive ?
1938: Anthony Eden resigned as British Foreign Secretary in protest over prime minister Neville Chamberlain's appeasement policy.
Anew generation is being introduced to the post-war leadership of Anthony Eden, pictured far right, a Prime Minister whose career was brought to a humiliating end when he blundered into the Suez Crisis, less than two years after taking office.
1955: Sir Winston Churchill, aged 80, resigned as Prime Minister, and the following day Anthony Eden took office.
EVENTS 1957: Sir Anthony Eden resigns as prime minister of Britain due to ill health after one year and 279 days in the post.
The British delegation was led by Former Ambassador and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and Paul Morrison, head of anti-terrorism dept UK.
Prisms of British appeasement; revisionist reputations of John Simon, Samuel Hoare, Anthony Eden, Lord Halifax, and Alfred Duff Cooper
According to The Sun, academics led by University of Leeds Professor Kevin Theakston rated him tenth out of the 12 post-war premiers, ahead of Sir Anthony Eden and Sir Alec Douglas-Home, two men who have long been associated with failure.
1957: Sir Anthony Eden resigns The Prime Minister resigns due to ill health after one year and 279 days.
Woodrow Wilson, Anthony Eden, Richard Nixon and Francois Mitterrand were other examples of political leaders from the last 100 years kept their bodily or mental problems out of the news.
Few people have had a better view of twentieth century British politics at the top than Clarissa Churchill Eden, Countess of Avon, as the niece of Churchill and the wife of his successor, Anthony Eden.
That is why there was no general election when Anthony Eden took over from Winston Churchill or John Major from Margaret Thatcher.
Unmarried Miss Pelosi, from Perth, was a retired secretary who had worked for PM Anthony Eden.