Anthony Eden


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Eden, Anthony

 

(Earl of Avon). Born June 12, 1897, in Windleston, Durham. British statesman; a leader of the Conservative Party.

Eden comes from an aristocratic family. He was educated at Eton and Oxford University and was an infantry officer during World War I. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons from 1923 to 1957. Eden was closely involved with British foreign policy for many years. He was secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1935 until 1938, when he left this post because of differences, basically of a tactical character, with Prime Minister N. Chamberlain, who was carrying out a policy of encouraging Germany’s fascist aggression. He was secretary of state for dominion affairs in 1939–40 and was secretary of state for foreign affairs in W. Churchill’s coalition cabinet from 1940 to 1945. Eden took part in the work of the Tehran Conference in 1943, in the Crimea [Yalta] and Potsdam conferences in 1945, and in other international conferences. He was again secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1951 to 1955 and was prime minister from April 1955 to January 1957. He attached primary importance to the preservation of Great Britain’s colonial position. Eden was one of the initiators of the Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956. After its failure, he was compelled to retire and to withdraw from active political life. He received the title of lord in 1961.

A. M. BELONOGOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anthony Eden, Anglo-American Relations and the 1954 Indochina Crisis
1660: King Charles II landed at Dover after being exiled for nine years 1805: Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy 1896: The last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, is crowned 1922: Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin suffers a stroke 1950: Petrol rationing ends in Britain after 11 years, causing long queues at garages 1955: The Conservatives, led by Anthony Eden (pictured), win the general election 1967: The Beatles' Sgt.
Enough!"Broadcaster Nick Robinson "I blame Brexit" TV presenter Piers Morgan's response on hearing that the price of his unofficial biography has been reduced from PS17.99 to 1p "Behind every great man is a woman rolling her eyes" Actor Jim Carrey "We've got the worst Prime Minister since Anthony Eden, we've got the worst Leader of the Opposition in the entire history of the Labour Party, and we've got the worst Parliament since Oliver Cromwell" Former Tory minister Ann Widdecombe
1955: Sir Winston Churchill, aged 80, resigned as Prime Minister, and the following day Anthony Eden took office.
Anew generation is being introduced to the post-war leadership of Anthony Eden, pictured far right, a Prime Minister whose career was brought to a humiliating end when he blundered into the Suez Crisis, less than two years after taking office.
EVENTS 1957: Sir Anthony Eden resigns as prime minister of Britain due to ill health after one year and 279 days in the post.
The British delegation was led by Former Ambassador and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and Paul Morrison, head of anti-terrorism dept UK.
Prisms of British appeasement; revisionist reputations of John Simon, Samuel Hoare, Anthony Eden, Lord Halifax, and Alfred Duff Cooper
According to The Sun, academics led by University of Leeds Professor Kevin Theakston rated him tenth out of the 12 post-war premiers, ahead of Sir Anthony Eden and Sir Alec Douglas-Home, two men who have long been associated with failure.
1955: Sir Winston Churchill, aged 80, resigned as PM, and the following day Anthony Eden took office.
1957: Sir Anthony Eden resigns The Prime Minister resigns due to ill health after one year and 279 days.
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