Anthony Trollope

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Anthony Trollope
BirthplaceLondon, United Kingdom
novelist; postal worker

Trollope, Anthony

(trŏl`əp), 1815–82, one of the great English novelists. After spending seven unhappy years in London as a clerk in the general post office, he transferred (1841) to Ireland and became post-office inspector; he held various positions in the postal service until his resignation in 1867. He published several unsuccessful novels before he achieved fame with The Warden (1855), the first in the series of Barsetshire novels. Others in the series are Barchester Towers (1857), Doctor Thorne (1858), Framley Parsonage (1861), The Small House at Allington (1864), and The Last Chronicle of Barset (1867). In his later fiction, most of them the so-called Palliser novels, Trollope shifted his interest from the rural scene to urban society and politics. These books include The Claverings (1867), Phineas Finn (1869), He Knew He Was Right (1869), The Eustace Diamonds (1873), The Way We Live Now (1875), The Prime Minister (1876), and The American Senator (1877). His extensive journeys, many in the service of the post office, resulted in travel books, including an account of his visit to the United States. He was an industrious and prolific author, and besides his 47 novels, numerous volumes of stories, and many travel books, he wrote various works of reportage, several biographies, and a highly praised autobiography (1883). According to Henry James, Trollope's greatness lies in his "complete appreciation of the usual." The Barsetshire novels, upon which his fame rests, depict in detail the lives of a group of ordinary but interesting people who live in that fictional English county. The series as a whole presents a fascinating microcosm of Victorian society.

Trollope's mother, Frances Milton "Fanny" Trollope, 1780–1863, was also a writer. Her acerbic account of her travels in the United States, The Domestic Manners of the Americans (1832), was offensive to Americans but was a best seller in England and began her career as a successful writer. She continued to write travel books and started a steady stream of novels, of which the best are The Vicar of Wrexhill (1837) and The Widow Barnaby and its sequels (1839–56).


See his autobiography ed. by M. Sadleir (1883, repr. 1968); biographies of him by M. Sadleir (1927, new ed. 1961) and H. Walpole (1928); studies by A. O. J. Cockshut (1955), D. Smalley (1969), A. G. Freedman (1971), J. Pope-Hennessy (1971), W. M. Kendrick (1980), R. H. Super (1988), S. Wall (1989), and N. J. Hall (1992); L. P. and R. P. Stebbins, The Trollopes (1945, repr. 1968); biography of Frances Trollope by P. Neville-Sington (1998).

Trollope, Anthony


Born Apr. 24,1815, in London; died there Dec. 6,1882. English author; son of the writer F. Trollope.

Trollope’s first work appeared in 1847. A writer on social themes, Trollope realistically depicted the manners, psychology, and concerns of the English middle class. His cycle of novels about life in the southwest of England, the “Chronicles of Barset-shire” (1855–67), remains his most important work. Another cycle of novels dealt with parliamentary life and included Phineas Finn (2 vols., 1869; Russian translation, 1869) and Phineas Redux (2 vols., 1874; Russian translation, 1875). Trollope was the author of travel books and works of literary criticism, which include his study Thackeray (1879).


Oxford Trollope, vols. 1–15. Edited by M. Sadleir. Oxford, 1948–54.
Letters. Edited by B. A. Booth, Oxford, 1951.
In Russian translation:
Barchesterskie bashni. Moscow, 1970.


Istoriia angliiskoi literatury, vol. 2, fase. 2. Moscow, 1955. Pages 418–23.
Helling, R. A Century of Trollope Criticism. Port Washington, N.Y. [1967].
Hennessy, J. P. Anthony Trollope. London, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Morse (English, College of William and Mary) proposes a reinterpretation of the work of Anthony Trollope as both an experimental and innovative writer of fiction and a radical critic of the English cultural and legal institution of primogeniture and of English race discourses, thereby simultaneously presenting a picture of Trollope as a reformer and seeking to reform interpretations of Trollope politically and artistically.
He is on tour in a one-man show bringing to life the works and biography of author Anthony Trollope.
It was in this environment that Anthony Trollope inserted Jewish characters into his novels.
The Two Loves Of Anthony Trollope (Sunday,BBC1, 7pm)
Fans of Victorian novels looking for a fresh "new" Victorian novelist will find Fanny Trollope, mother of the great novelist Anthony Trollope, to be a wonderful surprise.
The hinge factor that sets this Frances on a particular course is her decision to marry Thomas Anthony Trollope, a somewhat charming fellow saddled with both a disastrously bad business sense and declining health.
McCulloch and Charles Trevelyan, and literary authors, such as Anthony Trollope, uncover an ideology with the same underpinnings as the ideology regarding primitive races in America, Africa, Australia, and the South Pacific.
Anthony Trollope, the English novelist, visited Windsor between the flood and the fire and commented that the townsfolk `must surely be web-foot'.
Brydon, 36, who wrote and played divorced cabbie Keith in the series of ten-minute comedy monologues, is to star in The Way We Live Now, a big cast adaptation of an Anthony Trollope novel.
Not many admirers of that quintessentially English novelist, Anthony Trollope, would agree that The Warden (1855) is his masterpiece; Barchester Towers (1857) and half a dozen other titles seem much more likely candidates.
THE VICTORIAN MEN AND WOMEN portrayed in the novels of Anthony Trollope seem surprisingly like us, far more so than literary creatures from only a century earlier (Torn Jones, say, or Clarissa Harlowe).
With her usual lucidity of sense and expression, Catherine Hall discusses the constitutive infl uence of imperialism on both men and women, using as her vehicle for this the travel writings of the Victorian novelist, Anthony Trollope.