Anthoxanthum


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Anthoxanthum

 

a genus of annual and perennial grasses of the family Gramineae. The raceme is a spike-shaped, greenish brown panicle. The spikelets are single-flowered, with four husks. The two upper ones have short awns, or beards. There are two stamens. According to various sources, there are from five to twenty species, found in temperate and subtropical regions of the northern hemisphere. There are three species in the USSR. The most common is sweet vernal grass (A. odoratum), a perennial, loosely formed grain that is frequently seen in the forest zone. It grows on meadows, fields, and brushwood, less often in the forests on poor acid soils. Sweet vernal grass develops early in the spring. In pastures and in hay it is eaten as a component of feed by domesticated animals. Sweet vernal grass contains the fragrant substance coumarin.

REFERENCE

Kormovye rasteniia senokosov i pastbishch SSSR, vol. 1. Edited by I. V. Larin. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
ex Trin.) Barkworth, Melica rigida Cav., Saccharum trinii (Hack.) Renvoize, Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
hexandra) over other plant species, as noted by Badalucco & Kuikman (2001) in Holcus lanatu, Anthoxanthum odoratum, Festuca rubra, and Festuca ovina.
The landmark papers "Evolution in closely adjacent plant populations" (Antonovics, 2006 and references therein) focused on the evolution of metal tolerance in the grasses Anthoxanthum odoratum and Agrostis tenuis on mine tailings in Europe.
melagramma Pterosylis nutans Nodding Greenhood Pyrorchis nigricans Red-beaks Thelymitra arenaria Forest Sun-orchid Thelymitra aristata Great Sun-orchid Thelymitra ixioides Spotted Sun-orchid Thelymitra juncifolia Rush-leaf Sun-orchid Thelymitra media Tall Sun-orchid Thelymitra pauciflora Slender Sun-orchid Thelymitra rubra Salmon Sun-orchid Poaceae * Agrostis capillaris Brown-top Bent * Agrostis stolonifera Creeping Bent * Aira caryophyllea Silvery Hair-grass * Aira cupaniana Hair-grass * Aira elegantissima Hair-grass * Aira praecox Hair-grass * Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal-grass Austrostipa muelleri Wiry Spear-grass Austrostipa pubinodis Tall Spear-grass Austrostipa rudis subsp.
Perwellt y gwanwyn (Anthoxanthum odoratum; Sweet vernal grass) ydi'r gweiryn sy'n gyfrifol am hwn.
bracteatus (Phil.) 3900-4100 Mariano Anthoxanthum L.
Communis+ in 5; Dorycnium hirsutum and Anthoxanthum ovatum +, Orobanche minor r; Aetheorhiza bulbosa 2 in 7; Erica scoparia, Cistus monspeliensis and Crataegus monogyna subsp.
Los datos de Powell (1977) sobre la biologia de Conocephalus semivittatus en Nueva Zelanda senalan que la especie es muy exitosa en pastizales dominados por diversas gramineas de los generos Anthoxanthum, Bouteloua, Dactylis, Hierochloe, Lolium, Panicum y Stenotaphium; el autor atribuye el valor de adecuacion del ortoptero al grosor de los tallos de estos pastos, pues ofrecen superficies optimas para la oviposicion.