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Related to Anthropological fieldwork: Cultural anthropologists


see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000


The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
A similar viewpoint was developed by several authors contributing to Anthropological Fieldwork: A Relational Process (Spencer & Davies, 2010).
"Introduction," in Taboo: Sex, Identity and Erotic Subjectivity in Anthropological Fieldwork, Don Kulick and Margaret Willson, eds.
Of particular interest to students of ethnography will be the chance to look back some 75 years and see how anthropological fieldwork was conducted at that time.
Some had experienced this type of work as part of their anthropological fieldwork, while others had participated as an expression of social consciousness and a way of identifying with the masses.
So the story of Fonseca Cardoso's move to anthropological fieldwork in the colonies emerges as an equivocal event in his life: a severe break in his personal and collective plans, an emotionally painful separation from his wife and children, and an event blocking the course of action he expected to follow in the science of anthropology in Portugal.
Annie Margaret McArthur did anthropological fieldwork in the Kunimaipa River region of Papua between 1953 and 1957.
Born in New Zealand, he began anthropological fieldwork in the 1920s and remained active until his death.
The author did anthropological fieldwork in Celo and the surrounding community during some of Celo's leanest years, 1967-69, just before the back-to-the-land and communal movement led to a boom.
Its rich array of historical materials is supplemented by the author's anthropological fieldwork in Wuxi.
This technique gives the reader an insight into Harney's personal journey (including the various bumps and sharp turns he encountered along the way) through the anthropological fieldwork experience.
These were the general questions of interest in the early stages of her anthropological fieldwork. Guthrie found that in the local dialect, forms of worship, farming practices, and social manners Sea Island culture remains anchored in a set of practices and principles from the plantation past that have come to be regarded as traditional for that part of the South.