ethnography

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Related to Anthropological fieldwork: Cultural anthropologists

ethnography:

see anthropologyanthropology,
classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture.
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; ethnologyethnology
, scientific study of the origin and functioning of human cultures. It is usually considered one of the major branches of cultural anthropology, the other two being anthropological archaeology and anthropological linguistics. In the 19th cent.
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ethnography

the direct observation of an organization or small society, and the written description produced. Often the method of observation involves PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION. The ethnographic method (sometimes also referred to as FIELDWORK) is a basic method in SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY, It is also a method used in some areas of sociology, e.g. COMMUNITY STUDIES. Usually a researcher gathers data by living and working in the society or social setting being researched, seeking to immerse himself or herself as fully as possible in the activities under observation, but at the same time keeping careful records of these activities.

In anthropology, an emphasis on the importance of the ethnographic method was initially associated with the functionalist school, which encouraged an analysis of the internal structure and function of single societies rather than historical or comparative studies (see FUNCTIONALISM). However, there is no inherent reason why ethnographic and comparative approaches should not be seen as complementary or why ethnography should simply be associated with one theoretical school.

ethnography

[eth′nä·grə·fē]
(anthropology)
The branch of ethnology that deals with the description of races or ethnic groups, without attempting to analyze or compare them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Taboo--Sex, identity and erotic subjectivity in anthropological fieldwork.
Kulick and Willson's book explores the possibilities (and problems) for sexual practice as part of anthropological fieldwork.
Of particular interest to students of ethnography will be the chance to look back some 75 years and see how anthropological fieldwork was conducted at that time.
By describing the events and power relationships involved in this colonial process, we will be in a better position to understand how anthropological fieldwork took place in Goa.
The author did anthropological fieldwork in Celo and the surrounding community during some of Celo's leanest years, 1967-69, just before the back-to-the-land and communal movement led to a boom.
Its rich array of historical materials is supplemented by the author's anthropological fieldwork in Wuxi.
This technique gives the reader an insight into Harney's personal journey (including the various bumps and sharp turns he encountered along the way) through the anthropological fieldwork experience.
These were the general questions of interest in the early stages of her anthropological fieldwork.
In Routes, the concept of "travel" is allowed to encompass many forms of movement and encounter, from anthropological fieldwork to tourism to diaspora, but the book is not intended to be a coherent study of travel and its meanings.
Anthropological fieldwork has established that people are much more likely to distinguish a wild plant kind against the otherwise undifferentiated background of biological diversity if it has a use (e.
Possibly he could not have answered such questions, for lack of evidence, although adding anthropological fieldwork and oral history to his sensitive use of the archives might well have provided him with more in this direction that would be predicted at first sight.