Anti-Corn-Law League

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Anti-Corn-Law League,

organization formed in 1839 to work for the repeal of the English corn lawscorn laws,
regulations restricting the export and import of grain, particularly in England. As early as 1361 export was forbidden in order to keep English grain cheap. Subsequent laws, numerous and complex, forbade export unless the domestic price was low and forbade import
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. It was an affiliation of groups in various cities and districts with headquarters at Manchester and was an outgrowth of the smaller Manchester Anti-Corn-Law Association. Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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 and John BrightBright, John,
1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn laws.
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 were its leading figures. The league won over Sir Robert Peel to its views, and the corn laws were repealed in 1846.
References in periodicals archive ?
The author concludes from this analysis that owing to the efforts of the Anti-Corn Law League, "protectionist MPs were increasingly alarmed about the prospect of a middleclass and working-class alliance in pursuit of far more radical reform than repeal" (p.
In contrast, the Anti-Corn Law League and the liberal reformers had incentives to talk up and exaggerate the effects of this change as much as possible.
4) This article returns instead to the National Anti-Corn Law League Bazaar as a key moment in the making of modern consumerism.
15) Both the novelty and distinctive contribution made by the Anti-Corn Law League Bazaar to what was a complex and protracted transformation deserve consideration, not least because many of the issues and tensions that marked the development of consumer culture in subsequent decades were explicitly revealed and openly discussed in the spring of 1845.
In the dominant historiography the Anti-Corn Law League has traditionally been cast as a kind of vanguard political party for the rising middle class.
Buying and selling goods in aid of a political cause had been done before the Anti-Corn Law League refined the art, most notably by abolitionists during the campaign to end the slave trade.
The Anti-Corn Law League Bazaars were organized by the wives and daughters of the national and local leaders of the League though the hundreds who took part were not simply goaded into action by George Wilson.
During the course of its existence, the Anti-Corn Law League mobilized thousands of women to sign addresses to the Queen, organize tea parties and contribute to bazaars to raise funds for the unfeminine purposes of registering voters and waging election campaigns.
62) The apparatus of soirees, tea parties, addresses and petitions pioneered by anti-slavery groups and the Anti-Corn Law League may not have been organized on such a scale again, but they continued to be used for a host of issues from the "Papal Aggression" episode of 1851, to campaigns for laws on seduction, the reform of the marriage laws, and eventually for female suffrage.
See also Archibald Prentice, History of the Anti-Corn Law League (1853: Frank Cass and Co.
Seizing this political opening, a pair of textile manufacturers, Richard Cobden and John Bright, led their country to bolder action, organizing the Manchester-based Anti-Corn Law League into a national mass movement of middle-class urban interests against the landed elite.
WHEN did the Anti-Corn Law League form in Manchester?