Anti-Corn-Law League

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Anti-Corn-Law League,

organization formed in 1839 to work for the repeal of the English corn lawscorn laws,
regulations restricting the export and import of grain, particularly in England. As early as 1361 export was forbidden in order to keep English grain cheap. Subsequent laws, numerous and complex, forbade export unless the domestic price was low and forbade import
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. It was an affiliation of groups in various cities and districts with headquarters at Manchester and was an outgrowth of the smaller Manchester Anti-Corn-Law Association. Richard CobdenCobden, Richard
, 1804–65, British politician, a leading spokesman for the Manchester school. He made a fortune as a calico printer in Manchester. A firm believer in free trade, after 1838 he devoted himself to the formation and work of the Anti-Corn-Law League.
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 and John BrightBright, John,
1811–89, British statesman and orator. He was the son of a Quaker cotton manufacturer in Lancashire. A founder (1839) of the Anti-Corn Law League, he rose to prominence on the strength of his formidable oratory against the corn laws.
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 were its leading figures. The league won over Sir Robert Peel to its views, and the corn laws were repealed in 1846.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bisson, A History of England, pairs the movement with the Anti-Corn Law League. (13) Both were organized, large-scale movements based on the platform and the press; both were strongest in the North of England; both represented the spirit of Victorian voluntarism.
The author concludes from this analysis that owing to the efforts of the Anti-Corn Law League, "protectionist MPs were increasingly alarmed about the prospect of a middleclass and working-class alliance in pursuit of far more radical reform than repeal" (p.
(4) This article returns instead to the National Anti-Corn Law League Bazaar as a key moment in the making of modern consumerism.
Famine after the failure of the Irish potato crop strengthens the hand of the Anti-Corn Law League, campaigning against tariffs on imported grain.
This is a pity as Lord Melbourne and Sir Robert Peel (other than in the context of policing) deserve discussion, as do Richard Cobden, John Bright and the Anti-Corn Law League, which would also provide a link with agricultural and landed issues.
But it has long been known that evangelicalism was a force in Victorian Christianity, that Chartism had religious aspects, and that the Anti-Corn Law League produced a catechism.
The classic example of this, and one of the most strikingly successful uses of the platform to enlist the support of middle-class women, was the agitation against the corn laws led by the Anti-Corn Law League.
Seizing this political opening, a pair of textile manufacturers, Richard Cobden and John Bright, led their country to bolder action, organizing the Manchester-based Anti-Corn Law League into a national mass movement of middle-class urban interests against the landed elite.
Some people will think one person is a radical, whereas others will see that person as the worst person in the world!" Richard Cobden, who co-founded the Anti-Corn Law League and went to Bowes School, is also a North East great, as well as British Prime Harold Minister MacMillan, who was MP for Stockton-upon-Tees.
Previously known for his pamphlets on foreign policy and his leading part in the incorporation of Manchester in 1838, Gobden, ably assisted by his friend the Quaker cotton spinner John Bright (1811-89), led the Anti-Corn Law League's assault on the Corn Laws.
Stuart Hylton's A History of Manchester (Phillimore, 18.99 [pounds sterling]) gives a good overview of the city's history from the first Roman mud and timber forts to the Anti-Corn Law League, the founding of the Manchester Guardian and the building of the airport.
The People's Bread A History of the Anti-Corn Law League Paul A.

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