Anti-Federalists

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Anti-Federalists,

in American history, opponents of the adoption of the federal Constitution. Leading Anti-Federalists included George MasonMason, James,
1909–84, British stage and film actor. Mason, trained at Cambridge as an architect, became a leading man in British films in the 1940s and thereafter an international star.
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, Elbridge GerryGerry, Elbridge
, 1744–1814, American statesman, Vice President of the United States, b. Marblehead, Mass. He was elected (1772) to the Massachusetts General Court, where he became a follower of Samuel Adams, who enlisted him in the colonial activities preceding the
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, Patrick HenryHenry, Patrick,
1736–99, political leader in the American Revolution, b. Hanover co., Va. Largely self-educated, he became a prominent trial lawyer. Henry bitterly denounced (1765) the Stamp Act and in the years that followed helped fan the fires of revolt in the South.
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, and George ClintonClinton, George,
1739–1812, American statesman, vice president of the United States (1805–1812), b. Little Britain, N.Y. Before he was 20 he served on a privateer and, in the French and Indian War, accompanied the regiment of his father, Charles Clinton, in the
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. Later, many of the Anti-Federalists opposed the policies of the Federalist partyFederalist party,
in U.S. history, the political faction that favored a strong federal government. Origins and Members

In the later years of the Articles of Confederation there was much agitation for a stronger federal union, which was crowned with success when the
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 and of Alexander HamiltonHamilton, Alexander,
1755–1804, American statesman, b. Nevis, in the West Indies. Early Career

He was the illegitimate son of James Hamilton (of a prominent Scottish family) and Rachel Faucett Lavien (daughter of a doctor-planter on Nevis and the estranged
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.

Bibliography

See M. Borden, ed., The Antifederalist Papers (1965); C. M. Kenyon, ed., The Antifederalists (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
Elaborating Libby's argument, Beard claimed that Anti-Federalism drew its greatest numerical strength from back country regions, areas in which debt-ridden farmers sought pro-inflationary economic policies.
31) Wood conceded that "such 'aristocrats' as [Richard Henry] Lee or [George] Mason did not truly represent Anti-Federalism.
Examining the partisan battles of the 1790s and beyond, the author adroitly characterizes Federalist James Madison's reassessment of the Anti-Federalist critique, indicating how the "death of Anti-Federalism as an active political movement provided the means for resurrecting the spirit of Anti-Federalism" (166).
You can add to this eclectic list, gay and women's rights, family values (or lack of them) and anti-federalism.
Focusing on Alabama and comparisons with other Southern states, Feldman uses vast archival sources and interviews to examines how conservative forces in the Democratic and Republican parties colluded to use white supremacy and lingering anti-federalism to manufacture the pervasive attitude that economic regulation is a cultural issue.
By the Jacksonian period, anti-federalism had merged into the mainstream of American political ideology that represented the desires of the middling commercial sort and had rid itself of much of the populist element.
These are important voices certainly, but as Cornell stresses the middling and populist strains of anti-federalism, one wonders how these groups expressed their anti-federalism in the South.
Only by understanding the nature of Pennsylvania Anti-Federalism can the claim of John Smilie in the Pennsylvania ratifying Convention be properly contextualized.
47) The effort to counterpose states' rights and individual rights is one of the most serious anachronisms in recent discussions of Anti-Federalism by supporters of the Standard Model.
He begins by describing the concepts of communitarianism and constitutional vision and the long history of anti-Federalism, then describes the liberal-communitarian debate at the foundation of theories and perceptions, and then analyzes the construction of a communitarian polity in terms of participation, consensus and the concept of the common good.
Indeed, at the time of the Carlisle Riots and the Whiskey Rebellion substantial voices from the elite ranks of Anti-Federalism supported disarming their former Anti-Federalist allies.
Kenyon some years ago pointed out that within Anti-Federalism there was considerable anti-democratic, even reactionary, thinking.