Anti-Masonic party

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Related to Anti-Masonic party: Rotation in office, Know nothing party

Anti-Masonic party,

American political organization that rose after the disappearance in W New York state in 1826 of William Morgan. A former Mason, Morgan had written a book purporting to reveal Masonic secrets. The Masons were said, without proof, to have murdered him, and in reaction local organizations arose to refuse support to Masons for public office. In New York state Thurlow WeedWeed, Thurlow
, 1797–1882, American journalist and political leader, b. Cairo, N.Y. After working on various newspapers in W New York, Weed joined the Rochester Telegraph and was influential as a supporter of John Quincy Adams.
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 and William H. SewardSeward, William Henry,
1801–72, American statesman, b. Florida, Orange co., N.Y. Early Career

A graduate (1820) of Union College, he was admitted to the bar in 1822 and established himself as a lawyer in Auburn, N.Y., which he made his lifelong home.
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 attempted unsuccessfully to use the movement, which appealed strongly to the poorer classes, to overthrow Martin Van BurenVan Buren, Martin,
1782–1862, 8th President of the United States (1837–41), b. Kinderhook, Columbia co., N.Y. Early Career

He was reared on his father's farm, was educated at local schools, and after reading law was admitted (1803) to the bar.
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 and the Albany RegencyAlbany Regency,
name given, after 1820, to the leaders of the first political machine, which was developed in New York state by Martin Van Buren. The name derived from the charge that Van Buren's principal supporters, residing in Albany, managed the machine for him while he
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. Anti-Masonry spread from New York to neighboring states and influenced many local and state elections. At Baltimore, in 1831, the Anti-Masons held the first national nominating convention of any party and issued the first written party platform—innovations followed by the older parties. The vote for their presidential candidate, William WirtWirt, William
, 1772–1834, U.S. Attorney General and author, b. Bladensburg, Md. He had little formal schooling but was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1792. His first book was an anonymous collection of sketches called The Letters of a British Spy
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, mostly hurt Henry Clay. Usually the Anti-Masons in national politics acted with the National Republican partyNational Republican party,
in U.S. history, a short-lived political party opposed to Andrew Jackson. In the election of 1828, which Jackson won overwhelmingly, some of the supporters of his opponent, President John Quincy Adams, called themselves National Republicans.
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 in opposition to Jacksonian democracy, and in 1834 they helped to form the Whig partyWhig party,
one of the two major political parties of the United States in the second quarter of the 19th cent. Origins

As a party it did not exist before 1834, but its nucleus was formed in 1824 when the adherents of John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay joined forces
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See W. B. Hesseltine, The Rise and Fall of Third Parties (1948); L. Ratner, Antimasonry (1969).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Carnes estimates that owing to anti-Masonic sentiment and the Anti-Masonic Party, national membership in the order "declined from 100,000 in the mid-1820s to 40,000 a decade later" (25).
The post-Revolutionary Federalist press massaged Jefferson's private Deism into a menacing infidelism; the Anti-Masonic Party denounced Andrew Jackson's fraternal ties; John Birch Society founder Robert Welch called Eisenhower a possible "conscious, dedicated agent of Communist Conspiracy." Today, the chase to stamp out villainy spins with the velocity of 24/7 news cycles.
The Anti-Masonic Party, the first major third party in the history of U.S.
The Anti-Masonic Party convened in Baltimore, Md., and nominated for president William Wirt, attorney general in the cabinets of James Monroe and John Quincy Adams.
In 1836 the party absorbed the remnants of the Anti-Masonic Party. Although in general it represented the conservative political view, the party lacked leadership and disappeared after it failed dismally in the 1852 presidential election.