Anti-Saloon League


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Anti-Saloon League,

U.S. organization working for prohibition of the sale of alcoholic liquors. Founded in 1893 as the Ohio Anti-Saloon League at Oberlin, Ohio, by representatives of temperance societies and evangelical Protestant churches, it came to wield great political influence. Vigorously led by James Cannon, Jr., a Methodist bishop, the League played an important role in securing the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment. Its influence waned, however, especially after the repeal (1933) of prohibition. From 1950 to 1964 it was called the National Temperance League; from then it has been known as the American Council on Alcohol Problems.

Bibliography

See P. H. Odegard, Pressure Politics: Story of the Anti-Saloon League (1928, repr. 1966); biography of Bishop Cannon by V. Dabney (1949).

Anti-Saloon League

successfully led drive for Prohibition (1910s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 357]
References in periodicals archive ?
Although Lantzer hints at the acerbic and unyielding quality of Shumaker's dry advocacy, the book could have provided a clearer sense of the superintendent's fussy and insistent lobbying techniques (characteristics that sometimes even irritated Shumaker's national Anti-Saloon League colleagues) to better explain the personal bitterness often expressed by Shumaker's frustrated opponents.
The Anti-Saloon League claimed that it was merely concerned with abolishing the saloon, and yet one ought to have known better then, and one ought to know better now.
Herrick, who had the audacity to challenge provisions of a prohibitionist Anti-Saloon League bill.
After Willard largely withdrew from the WCTU in the 1890s, it focused on prohibition, and it was an important ally of the Anti-Saloon League.
But by far the most important factor, Okrent persuasively argues, was the political maneuvering of the Anti-Saloon League (ASL) and its master strategist, Wayne Wheeler, who turned a minority position into the supreme law of the land by mobilizing a highly motivated bloc of swing voters.
Austin Kerr's Organized for Prohibition: A New History of the Anti-Saloon League (New Haven, 1985), but then complains in her bibliography that "book-length studies of the twentieth-century prohibition movement unfortunately tend to focus on the men of the Anti-Saloon League" (p 220).
At the same time that he edited the newspaper, he became active in the Virginia Anti-Saloon League, rose to leadership in it, and front there to prominence in 1913 as the head of the legislative committee of the Anti-Saloon League of America.
During the 1890s discontented white Protestants formed the virulently anti-Catholic American Protective Association, the Immigrant Restriction League and the Anti-Saloon League.
In 1914 the Anti-Saloon League transplanted Anderson, then state superintendent of its Maryland branch, to New York, where he aimed to turn both state and city dry.
The Anti-Saloon League inveighed mightily against the "Rum Trust" of distillers and tavern keepers.
Klein (Del Mar College, Texas) explores both sides of the issue, pitting the Sooner State's middle-class proponents of alcohol consumption with the well- organized efforts of the Oklahoma Anti-Saloon League.
Their studies of the period between the Civil War and Prohibition have dwelled on the activities of such groups as the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) and the Anti-Saloon League.