The temperance movement and Anti-Saloon League
were active as early as the 1890s in Arizona, but the state did not adopt Prohibition until 1914.
Gaps in official policing were filled by the white Protestant volunteers of a citizens' army made up largely of zealots from the Anti-Saloon League
, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and, most significantly, the revived Ku Klux Klan.
Organizations such as the Anti-Saloon League
eagerly generated anti-German propaganda, contributing to the bureaucratic search-and-seizure of German-American brewers (Figure 1).
* Sit in a pew of a re-created early 1900s church to learn about the rise of the Anti-Saloon League
But anti-alcohol zealots like the Women's Christian Temperance Union or the Anti-Saloon League
acclaimed it as victory for what they labelled the Noble Experiment.
It wasn't illegal to possess alcohol--the powerful Anti-Saloon League
understood that people would rebel if they couldn't drink the stocks of booze they already had at home.
Rockefeller, who had contributed hundreds of thousands of dollars to the Anti-Saloon League
, finally supported repeal.
Rockefeller donated huge sums of money to groups such as the Anti-Saloon League
to help them prohibit alcohol fuel for cars, the biggest competitor to his gasoline sales.
The strange path of alcohol from the Anti-Saloon League
to the American Wine Society, from Prohibition-era pariah to mainstream product, is an almost perfect analogue to the probable development of a legal, commercial market for cannabis, and wineries should be paying attention.
Another attack against immigrants was voiced by Bishop James Cannon, Jr., a spokesman for the Anti-Saloon League
. Speaking against presidential candidate Governor Al Smith and in support of Herbert Hoover, Cannon said that Smith wanted Italians, Sicilians, Poles and Russian Jews to continue to immigrate.
Most importantly, this round of nativist revival benefited from sophisticated organizations like the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Anti-Saloon League
, the Immigration Restriction League, and the Klan.
Among the many organized groups that channeled dry Protestant sentiment into political action, the Anti-Saloon League
(ASL) stood out as the self-described agent of "the church in action against the saloon." Jason S.