Anti-Saloon League


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Anti-Saloon League,

U.S. organization working for prohibition of the sale of alcoholic liquors. Founded in 1893 as the Ohio Anti-Saloon League at Oberlin, Ohio, by representatives of temperance societies and evangelical Protestant churches, it came to wield great political influence. Vigorously led by James Cannon, Jr., a Methodist bishop, the League played an important role in securing the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment. Its influence waned, however, especially after the repeal (1933) of prohibition. From 1950 to 1964 it was called the National Temperance League; from then it has been known as the American Council on Alcohol Problems.

Bibliography

See P. H. Odegard, Pressure Politics: Story of the Anti-Saloon League (1928, repr. 1966); biography of Bishop Cannon by V. Dabney (1949).

Anti-Saloon League

successfully led drive for Prohibition (1910s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 357]
References in periodicals archive ?
The temperance movement and Anti-Saloon League were active as early as the 1890s in Arizona, but the state did not adopt Prohibition until 1914.
Gaps in official policing were filled by the white Protestant volunteers of a citizens' army made up largely of zealots from the Anti-Saloon League, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, and, most significantly, the revived Ku Klux Klan.
Organizations such as the Anti-Saloon League eagerly generated anti-German propaganda, contributing to the bureaucratic search-and-seizure of German-American brewers (Figure 1).
* Sit in a pew of a re-created early 1900s church to learn about the rise of the Anti-Saloon League.
But anti-alcohol zealots like the Women's Christian Temperance Union or the Anti-Saloon League acclaimed it as victory for what they labelled the Noble Experiment.
It wasn't illegal to possess alcohol--the powerful Anti-Saloon League understood that people would rebel if they couldn't drink the stocks of booze they already had at home.
Rockefeller, who had contributed hundreds of thousands of dollars to the Anti-Saloon League, finally supported repeal.
Rockefeller donated huge sums of money to groups such as the Anti-Saloon League to help them prohibit alcohol fuel for cars, the biggest competitor to his gasoline sales.
The strange path of alcohol from the Anti-Saloon League to the American Wine Society, from Prohibition-era pariah to mainstream product, is an almost perfect analogue to the probable development of a legal, commercial market for cannabis, and wineries should be paying attention.
Another attack against immigrants was voiced by Bishop James Cannon, Jr., a spokesman for the Anti-Saloon League. Speaking against presidential candidate Governor Al Smith and in support of Herbert Hoover, Cannon said that Smith wanted Italians, Sicilians, Poles and Russian Jews to continue to immigrate.
Most importantly, this round of nativist revival benefited from sophisticated organizations like the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Anti-Saloon League, the Immigration Restriction League, and the Klan.
Among the many organized groups that channeled dry Protestant sentiment into political action, the Anti-Saloon League (ASL) stood out as the self-described agent of "the church in action against the saloon." Jason S.