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, mountain chain, Turkey
Taurus (tôrˈəs), Turkish Toros (tôrōsˈ), mountain chain, S Turkey, extending c.350 mi (560 km) roughly parallel to the Mediterranean coast of S Asia Minor. It forms the southern border of the Anatolian plateau. Its northeastern extension across the Seyhan River is called the Anti-Taurus. The highest peak of the Taurus proper is Ala Dağ (12,251 ft/3,734 m), at its eastern end; Nemrut Dağ (Mt. Nemrut) in the Anti-Taurus, is the site of colossal Hellenistic ruins. Erciyas Daği (anc. Mount Argaeus), reaching 12,848 ft (3,916 m), is sometimes considered part of the Taurus although it rises in central Anatolia, in an outlier of the Taurus proper. The Amanos Mts., along the eastern shore of the Gulf of Iskenderun, are also considered an offshoot of the main Taurus. The Taurus is crossed by five major passes; the Cilician Gates, N of Tarsus, is the best known. The mountains have long been a barrier to movement between the Anatolian basin and the Levant. The range has important chromium deposits and other minerals (notably copper, silver, lignite, zinc, iron, and arsenic). The Anti-Taurus are well wooded.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the collective name for two parallel mountain ridges of the Central Taurus in Turkey: Tahtakóprü (Mount Bey, 3,054 m) in the west and Binboğadaği (Mount Binboga, 2,830 m) in the east. Approximately 200 km long, they are divided by the rivers of the Seyhan and Ceyhan basins. In the north there are dry steppes and frigana-type brushwood; in the moister, southern area there are coniferous subtropical forests of Cilician fir, black pine, eastern spruce, and so on.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.