The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



adherents of the religious doctrines and sects that do not accept the basic dogma of Christianity—the dogma of the Trinity.

Before the Council of Nicaea of 325, when the fundamental dogmas of the Christian church were being formed, a great majority of Christians were anti-Trinitarians—for example, gnostics, monarchians, and Arians. In the Middle Ages anti-Trinitarian views were in many cases original expressions of free thought. Anabaptists, Socinians, and other radical sects appeared during the Reformation. The 16th-century Russian thinker and freethinker Feodosii Kosoi subscribed to anti-Trinitarian ideas. A major anti-Trinitarian ideologist was the Spanish scholar M. Serveto. Anti-Trinitarians had considerable influence in England and the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries. Uni-tarianism is a widespread form of anti-Trinitarianism.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other side of the war, Parliamentarians feared that Charles I and his advisors, while seeming too Catholic for comfort, were also anti-Trinitarians of the Socinian variety who were determined to crush the natural rights of Englishmen and delegitimize resistance to tyranny.
Miriam Bodian describes Rabbi Saul Levi Mortera's Tratado, which evaluated Catholics, Calvinists, and Anti-Trinitarians. Part 6 does not contain Muslim assessments of the Reformation in Christian Europe.
It ranges further to the persecuting doctrines and practices of both Catholic authorities and the major Protestant reformers of the sixteenth century, as well as to the arguments of their critics, and to the treatment of dissenting sects such as the Waldensians, Anabaptists, anti-Trinitarians, and Quakers.
Among his topics are conscientious objection among the Polish anti-trinitarians, Seventh-Day Adventists during the US Civil War, the prison samizdat of British conscientious objectors in two world wars, and Vladimir Chertkov and the Tolstoyan anti-militarist movement in the Soviet Union.
He also includes brief information on other churches in old and new Poland: the Orthodox Church, the Greek Catholic or Uniate (Ukrainian) Church, the Armenian Church, the Protestant churches and smaller Christian denominations, including the Anti-Trinitarians or Polish Brethren (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries), as well as giving some information on the Jews of Poland.
Furthermore, the allegedly "extremely important role" of the Polish Brethren (Anti-Trinitarians) in the development of the early European Enlightenment is not documented (105).
Seemingly written for English secondary school students ("sixth formers") and undergraduates, the book would be useful as well for advanced American undergraduates, as well as readers interested in the historical and theoretical background to the Toleration Act of 1689, which accorded a limited degree of toleration to non-Anglican English Trinitarian Protestants and which, in turn, led to an unofficial tolerance for Catholics, anti-Trinitarians, and non-Christians in eighteenth-century England, although the legal situation of these latter remained basically unchanged until 1829 and beyond.
Foxe suppressed inconvenient information about his martyrs, and dressed anti-Trinitarians and free-willers up as model earnest puritans.
It was a group known under various names as the Polish Brethren, anti-Trinitarians, Arians, Unitarians, or abroad as Socinians that contributed most in this respect.
Indeed, the focus of the collection is largely on heresy, whether that of Locke, Newton, and anti-Trinitarians (here the inclusion of essays by three members of the Newton Project may have been a factor), the Cambridge Platonist and theological Origenist Henry More, or populist radicals like the millenarian Thomas Beverly.
By contrast, no Anabaptist leader and only two anti-Trinitarians were university professors.
In his Autobiography Secker records how, in recognition of this defence of Anglican orthodoxy in an age in which anti-trinitarian speculation was a serious concern, he presented Jones, successively, to two livings within his gift in Kent.