antiseptic

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Related to Anti-bacterial: antibacterial drugs, antibacterial agents

antiseptic,

agent that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms on the external surfaces of the body. Antiseptics should generally be distinguished from drugs such as antibiotics that destroy microorganisms internally, and from disinfectants, which destroy microorganisms found on nonliving objects. Germicides include only those antiseptics that kill microorganisms. Some common antiseptics are alcohol, iodine, hydrogen peroxide, and boric acid. There is great variation in the ability of antiseptics to destroy microorganisms and in their effect on living tissue. For example, mercuric chloride is a powerful antiseptic, but it irritates delicate tissue. In contrast, silver nitrate kills fewer germs but can be used on the delicate tissues of the eyes and throat. There is also a great difference in the time required for different antiseptics to work. Iodine, one of the fastest-working antiseptics, kills bacteria within 30 sec. Other antiseptics have slower, more residual action. Since so much variability exists, systems have been devised for measuring the action of an antiseptic against certain standards. The bacteriostatic action of an antiseptic compared to that of phenol (under the same conditions and against the same microorganism) is known as its phenol coefficient. Joseph Lister was the first to employ the antiseptic phenol, or carbolic acid, in surgery, following the discovery by Louis Pasteur that microorganisms are the cause of infections. Modern surgical techniques for avoiding infection are founded on asepsis, the absence of pathogenic organisms. Sterilization is the chief means of achieving asepsis.

antiseptic

[¦an·tə¦sep·tik]
(microbiology)
A substance used to destroy or prevent the growth of infectious microorganisms on or in the human or animal body.

antiseptic

an agent or substance that prevents infection by killing germs
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, the respondent's claim that Safeguard is No I rated anti-bacterial soap in Pakistan is not substantiated by Neilson's data.
Unfortunately these essential affordable life-saving anti-bacterial are not available in Pakistan because Pakistan is not implementing the World Health Organization "Essential Drugs List" system.
The Duracoat Anti-Bacterial Paint, an emulsion paint, Shah said, is long overdue "and will help enhance the well-being of people in many industries and environments that are prone to infections.
With time and gradual arrival of more anti-bacterial soaps in the market, consumers have come to compromise with nearly all of them.
Eos' Tangerine Lip Balm Smooth Sphere provides medicated and anti-bacterial protection through its natural active ingredient Phenol.
In terms of industrial hardware, typical situations for products requiring anti-bacterial solutions are bacteria rich environments with human contact; the most obvious being medical, veterinary, food processing, schools and public transport.
For the last four years, specialist anti-bacterial paint has been used in the decoration of patient treatment areas such as the Intensive Care Unit, theatre and bedded areas on various wards.
It will see Dortrend International coat one of its Event ranges of toilets with its anti-bacterial coating TouchClean, which fights MRSA, SARS c difficile, ecoli and Swine Flu, in a bid to test its product in a new sector.
Chang Fang-lin, Lin Horn's chairman, claimed that such anti-bacterial material integrates bamboo charcoal's deodorizing and dustfiltration as well as enhanced antiseptic function, making it an ideal new solution for the biomedical industry.
Sales of anti-bacterial soaps are also up by 54%, liquid soap by 20%, and cough, cold and flu remedies by 70%.
And to help ensure a good night's sleep our six winners also get an anti-bacterial duvet and pillow.
The soft, knitted cover with aloevera is anti-bacterial and antidust mite, for a comfortable night's sleep.