(redirected from Anti-communism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.



the main ideological and political weapon of imperialism. As indicated in the Program of the CPSU, its basic content is “. . . slander against the socialist system and falsification of the policies and goals of communist parties and of the teaching of Marxism-Leninism” (1961, pp. 51–52). At the foundation of anticommunism are slanderous assertions about the Utopian character of communist ideology, the “totalitarian” nature of socialist states, the essential aggressiveness of world communism, the “de-humanization” of social relations, and the “standardization” of thought and spiritual values under socialism. The most important part of anticommunism is anti-Sovietism, which is the effort to distort and belittle the achievements of the USSR in economics, politics, and culture. Anticom-munist propaganda utilizes all means of mass communication (press, radio, television, and so on) and is established at the level of national policy; its goals are to engender distrust toward the slogans and ideals of communists and to discredit the practice of socialism, thereby reducing the intensity of the revolutionary activity of the toilers and splitting their forces to ensure the maintenance of capitalist social relations. “With the false slogans of anticommunism, the reactionary forces of imperialism hunt and persecute everything that is progressive and revolutionary and attempt to split the ranks of toilers and to paralyze proletarians’ will to struggle. All the enemies of social progress have now united under this black banner: the financial oligarchy and military clique, fascists and reactionary clerics, colonialists and landlords, and all the ideological and political accomplices of reactionary imperialism. Anticommunism is a reflection of extreme degradation in bourgeois ideology” (ibid., p. 52).

Anticommunism is not only an ideology. It emerges as a real governmental activity directed at suppressing communist, workers’, and national liberation movements. When capitalist countries incline toward fascism and an offensive is waged against democratic forces, these phenomena begin with and are accompanied by frenzied anticommunism. Its extreme manifestation is the striving of aggressive imperialist circles toward war against socialist countries.

As distinguished from militant anticommunism—which is characterized by frank and vulgar negativism, links with pro-fascist elements, and extreme reactionary and warlike forces—certain exponents of bourgeois ideology have called for the creation of a so-called positive anticommunism. Acknowledging the scientific contributions of the founders of Marxism-Leninism to the development of social theory and the positive import of certain aspects of Marxism and the socialist society and proceeding from the “immanent” criticism of scientific communism, positive anticommunism attempts to demonstrate that Marxism-Leninism is obsolete and useless in solving the problems of a developed “industrial” society; it is oriented toward gradual internal regeneration, which means the “erosion” of communism. These false ideas are also propagated by right-wing social democratic elements; their anticommunism is one of the most important causes of their ideological and political crisis and is evidence of their capitulation to state monopoly capitalism.

A prominent role in anticommunism is allotted to so-called Sovietology, exponents of which include philosophers, economists, sociologists, theologians, and others, such as Iu. Bocheński (Switzerland), G. Wetter (the Vatican), A. Mayer and J. Fetcher (Federal Republic of Germany), and L. Schapiro (USA). Some Sovietologists proclaim the need for a deeper study of the theory and practice of communism in order to make the criticism of communism more “plausible” and refined.

Anticommunism permeates all aspects of the ideology and politics of contemporary capitalism. Anticommunism and anti-Sovietism make up the extreme right wing of the ideology and politics of the bourgeoisie today; they are a manifestation of a reaction based on the deliberate distortion of the theory and practice of scientific communism. A different political tendency is represented by the views and conceptions of those ideologists who, while criticizing various aspects of the socialist way of life or disagreeing with the principles of communism, do not use slander, falsification, and dem-agoguery. Accordingly, while communists mercilessly denounce the falsifiers, they polemicize persuasively and cogently against people who are prepared to conduct a serious discussion.


Kritika ideologii antikommunizma. Moscow, 1965.
Antikommunizm—orudie imperialisticheskoi reaktsii. Moscow, 1967.
Mshvenieradze, V. V. Osnovnye osobennosti sovremennogo antikommunizma. Moscow, 1967.
Skvortsov, L. V. Ideologiia i taktika antikommunizma. Moscow, 1967.
Iakushevskii, I. Leninizm, revoliutsiia i “sovetologiia”: Filosofskii ocherk. [Leningrad,] 1968. (With bibliography.)
Mirovaia sotsialisticheskaia sistema i antikommunizm. Moscow, 1968.
Protiv ideologii sovremennogo antikommunizma. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from German.)


References in periodicals archive ?
If former Waffen-SS men and women from Eastern Europe stressed their anti-communism strongly enough, that often helped them to qualify for refugee status and immigration to the US.
Challenging domestic anti-Communism was the most radical act because anti-Communist orthodoxy had narrowed the political spectrum, kept the public from examining leftwing alternatives, and limited the access of young activists to the experience of older left-wingers.
Sbardellati joins a number of Cold War historians who have dated America's anti-communism tendencies to the 1920s, but he ignores the influence of the First World War.
Using Detroit as a case study, she shows how conservative anti-communism grew out of anti-unionism, white supremacist racism, anti-secular Catholicism, and business hostility to the New Deal.
We are therefore very pleased to have had the chance to expand the team of editors, and with this issue welcome Gavin Bowd, whose several contributions to the journal include his article on De Gaulle and Ceausescu in our third issue; Gidon Cohen, whose essay on political religion and British communism appeared in issue two; Ben Harker, biographer of Ewan MacColl, who is currently co-editing our coming issue on 'Communism and the cultural turn'; and Dianne Kirby, whose article on Christian anti-communism appears below, and who also contributed to our earlier roundtable on anti-communism.
Clark credits George Smathers, rather than Joe McCarthy, with pioneering the use of anti-communism in political campaigns.
But American policy elites always filtered their realism through anti-communism, allowing Pakistan to extract massive amounts of military and economic aid from the United States, without serious concessions or deliverables.
The John Birch Society is perhaps best known for its zealous anti-communism and its fanatical support of the infamous Joe McCarthy (whose indiscriminate, unjustified accusations of Communist sympathizing destroyed countless people's careers).
It uses firsthand interviews with many of the people involved in Cuban-American relations of the late 1950s and early 1960s, considering the habits and puzzles of Nixon, who often socialized at Havana casinos with his Cuban friend, and traces the evolution of anti-Communism sentiment in general and American-Cuban relationships in particular.
After all, anti-Semitism was widespread in Australia, as was anti-Communism, anti-Socialism and anti-trade unionism among the propertied classes.
Then in the name of anti-communism, Britain and America armed the Muslim fundamentalist Taliban.
Czech: Former Czech president and anti-communism icon Vaclav Havel feels exhausted after being treated in hospital for acute bronchitis in March, and he remains in home care, his secretary said.