discrimination

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Related to Anti-discrimination: Anti-Discrimination Policy, Anti-discrimination laws

discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
Article 17 puts the onus on the representatives, directors and agents of entities in the UAE to the effect that if any of the crimes described under the Anti-Discrimination Law occurs with such person's knowledge, then the person shall be sentenced to the same penalties prescribed for the crime.
Of course, citizens are not prevented from arguing against anti-discrimination laws.
Key state laws driving increased employee charges: Anti-discrimination employment practices, credit checks, pregnancy accommodations and criminal background checks.
It's the third time that Antonio, one of two openly gay members of the state Legislature, has proposed changes to anti-discrimination laws, which she said are needed more than ever to protect Ohio's lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community now that couplesAaAaAeAeAaAeAeA can leg wed.
Rabbatts had been a member of FIFA's anti-discrimination task force chaired by Jeffrey Webb, the FIFA vice-president from the Cayman Islands who was one of the seven officials arrested in Zurich on corruption charges last week.
Officials in Little Rock and Hot Springs have approved more scaled-back anti-discrimination ordinances that only apply to the cities and their vendors.
The Office of Special Counsel for Immigration-Related Unfair Employment Practices is responsible for enforcing the INA anti-discrimination provision.
He did, however, retain a legal provision from the Bush administration that creates a ministerial exemption to certain anti-discrimination laws.
One of the guiding principles of the DIFC Employment Law is the promotion of fair and equitable treatment between employers and employees; a principle which the DIFC has sought to achieve through the introduction of express anti-discrimination provisions which prohibit discriminatory treatment or conduct on the basis of an employee's membership of a protected class (specifically, sex, marital status, race, nationality, religion and/or mental or physical disability).
YAYA TOURE has raised the spectre of black players boycotting the 2018 World Cup in Russia after he alleged he was racially abused in Moscow - and the Manchester City skipper has been given the support of a member of FIFA's anti-discrimination task force.
As part of the plan, the NFL will display anti-discrimination posters in locker rooms and will implement anti-discrimination training throughout the league.
In her capacity as head of the Anti-Discrimination Body, Savvidou has the power -- but also intends -- to impose sanctions on the ministry unless and until it does comply.