discrimination

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Related to Anti-discrimination: Anti-Discrimination Policy, Anti-discrimination laws

discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anti-discrimination laws are designed to protect vulnerable groups in the society, and it is strongly arguable that governmental claims of legitimacy are strained with respect to many of these groups.
From a practical perspective, the DIFC's express anti-discrimination provisions are more likely to promote and enhance the success of a global business than frustrate it and those companies genuinely committed to equal opportunity are less likely to be subjected to complaints of unlawful discrimination.
It is dangerous to read too much into a piece of legislation that had as one of its primary motives the intention of bringing together the various pieces of anti-discrimination law that were already in place.
Currently, schools have the option of adopting such anti-discrimination language, though not all have.
The Fair Work Act 2009 (Cth) (FW Act) has established a new regime for protection against discrimination, where the overlap between anti-discrimination laws and the discrimination provisions in employment law seems substantial.
The only solution, she said, was to amend anti-discrimination legislation to include specific provisions about victims of domestic violence.
At the very outset, a question needs to be asked concerning the nature and benefits of anti-discrimination policy as a strategy for increasing the participation and improving the position of minority groups in the Israeli labor market.
ORANGE - Attorney General Martha Coakley's office filed a housing discrimination complaint late Tuesday in Franklin Superior Court in Greenfield against a mobile home park in Orange for violation of the state's anti-discrimination laws.
The Board of Directors of the Palm Beach County Bar Association voted unanimously to adopt a comprehensive anti-discrimination policy covering employment and membership.
Here's how the legal rights under Oregon's domestic partnership law and expanded anti-discrimination law will work when they take effect Jan.
The guide outlines the anti-discrimination requirements that all co-op boards must follow, with regards to the application process, interview, and timeliness of responses.
Local critics said AB 1056 would redefine the word ``tolerance'' to require acceptance of alternative lifestyles such as homosexuality and bisexuality, and AB 606 would authorize the state schools superintendent to withhold funds from schools deemed to be out of compliance with such anti-discrimination laws.