deindustrialization

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Related to Anti-industrialism: deindustrialized

deindustrialization

the process in which a previously industrialized or industrializing economy, or society, or region, reverts partly or wholly to a preindustrialized form. This process may occur as the outcome of international economic competition (see DEPENDENCY THEORY, also IMPERIALISM).

To some degree, the process may also occur within developed societies (e.g. the recent regional decline of manufacturing industries such as textiles or shipbuilding in parts of Western Europe). Nor is it simply a recent phenomenon. Rather, it can be seen as a ‘normal’ aspect of the workings of capitalism on an international stage at all phases of its development. According to WALLERSTEIN (1974), societies as different as Poland and India are examples of economies which underwent periods of deindustrialization in the course of the development of the world economy.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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The next elements common to both the Transcendentalists and Agrarians I will examine are their back-to-nature sensibilities and anti-industrialism. Like the transcendental impulse deep in the weave of these two movements, these beliefs have long been common in American culture, impacting a range of social trends and reform movements--from the early rumblings of farmer's rebellions in the 1700s, to American nature writings in the nineteenth century, to the turbulence in American labor and union movements (many of which are anti-industrial), to local-color/nativist American philosophies (many of which have primitivist, back-to-nature leanings), through widespread anti-industrial, back-to-nature movements and environmental activism in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
His rhetoric frequently invoked religion, ecology and rural India, and his anti-industrialism and hostility to the modern state inform much of Nandy's work.