The level of strike activity was so high in France by 1905 that the anti-militarists
, no matter how violent their message, "were at their most persuasive when protesting the use of troops to suppress strikes, an issue viewed universally as an immoral affront to their basic rights as French citizens." (77)
It's all very well to hold a principled anti-militarist
position, she said (as I recall), but you'd better know something about that of which you speak.
Anti-militarist teachers created a French counterculture by organizing teachers' unions, affiliating themselves with the revolutionary labor movement, and reforming the French educational system from within.(1)
But in 1906, the majority of delegates from the CGT affirmed that "anti-militarist and anti-patriotic propaganda must grow ever more intense and audacious: In every strike, the army is on the side of management; in every European conflict, in every war between nations and colonies, the working class is duped and sacrificed for the profit of the parasitical, bourgeois captialist class."(6)
and not an anti-patriotic act, nor is it even anti-militarist. We
He said he did not have the courage then to announce he was an anti-militarist
but would support anyone with the guts to refuse to do their military service.
This article presents an analysis of mobilization into the antinationalist, anti-militarist, feminist organization Women in Black.
When analyzing the data gathered for the purpose of this project through the lens of social movement theory, I share in the contention of McAdam (7) and Tarrow (8) that participation in activism--and in this type of antinationalist, anti-militarist, feminist high-risk/cost contention in particular--does not by any means occur in the context of disorder, social marginalization, and irrational outbursts of collective behavior but is instead facilitated first, by the various functions of social networks.
This can be seen very clearly in the case of Women in Black: they began their activism within the framework of the mainstream peace movement and were located primarily in the Center for Anti-War Action, from the basis of a clear anti-militarist and anti-nationalist identity that they co-joined with their feminist identity.