Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
Thornton, formerly one of Britain's most senior police officers, took over as anti-slavery commissioner role in February.
There will also be a visit to the Theatre Royal, where Harriet Beecher Stove, author of the anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, came to Newcastle in 1856 to put on her play Dred: A Tale of a Dismal Swamp about a fugitive slave.
But as more and more Americans during the Revolutionary era began to embrace the idea of equal rights rooted in human nature, a new, organized anti-slavery poli tics emerged.
Is Anti-Slavery Day across England and Wales, a day introduced in 2010 to raise awareness of the need to eradicate modern day slavery in all its forms.
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The Mekong Club run a 32-member strong anti-slavery business association and has to date trained over 8,000 organisations and delivered over 15 innovative tools such as a multi-language e-learning, interactive maps, smartphone apps, and more.
Police and Crime Commissioner for Cleveland,Barry Coppinger, said: "I established Cleveland Anti-Slavery Network because there is a clear need for agencies across the area to come together to free people from the horrific world of modern slavery."
The criticism about government's lack of transparency on slavery comes amid a review of Britain's 2015 anti-slavery law.
Backed by anti-slavery campaigners and agencies including the police and councils, it can be downloaded for free to Apple and Android devices.
The 2015 anti-slavery law criminalized hereditary slavery and prescribed sufficiently stringent penalties of five to 20 years imprisonment.
CEO Steve Murrells has written to his counterparts at all FTSE 100 companies asking them to commit to the actions set out in the charter - which has been developed by Anti-Slavery International.
Rani, now an anti-slavery campaigner, lived her experience with slavery not in some developing world sweatshop, but in private homes in the U.K., attendees at a forum on modern slavery, held February 6-7 in Istanbul, learned.