Abolitionism

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Abolitionism

 

(1) A social movement aimed at liquidating a law.

(2) A movement in the United States in the 18th and 19th centuries for the abolition of Negro slavery. Abolitionism in the United States was strikingly manifested by the Negro slave rebellions in the South—for example, the rebellions in 1800, led by Gabriel; and in 1831, led by Nat Turner. The beginning of an organized national abolitionist movement dates from the founding of the American Antislavery Society in 1833. Abolitionism unified broad segments of society, including farmers who were struggling for land against the slaveholding plantation owners, workers, progressive intellectuals, and activists in the Negro emancipation movement, as well as an element of the bourgeoisie who saw slavery as an obstacle to the development of capitalism in the country. The most revolutionary abolitionist groups, headed by F. Douglass, understood the need for armed force in the struggle against slavery. Of special importance in the struggle against slavery was the 1859 insurrection led by J. Brown. The popular masses played a leading role in the liquidation of slavery during the American Civil War. Under pressure from them, the government of A. Lincoln adopted as a military measure a law emancipating but giving no land to those Negro slaves who were owned by planters participating in the secessionist rebellion. However, the Civil War did not bring true freedom to the Negroes. The American bourgeoisie strove “to restore everything possible, and to do everything possible—even the impossible—to further the most shameless and vile oppression of Negroes” (V. I. Lenin, Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27, p. 142).

(3) The struggle which developed in Great Britain, France, and several other European countries in the 18th and 19th centuries to abolish slavery in colonial areas.

References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, his grandfather and uncles were key members of the anti-slavery movement.
They were sufficiently militant to do battle with the police, but in other respects they seem to have been less noteworthy than contemporary middle-class women who were active in the anti-slavery movement and the Anti-Corn Law League.
In doing so, she both demonstrates her argument that while the Journal addressed the anti-slavery movement its editors envisioned it as a newspaper that would suit the needs of and inform the African-American community.
Here, Christine Kinealy shows how Daniel O'Connell (above), Irish campaigner for Catholic Emancipation and Repeal of the Act of Union, played a prominent role in the anti-slavery movement, both in the British empire and in the United States.
In Creole Crossings Carolyn Vellenga Berman has chosen to trace the convergence of discourses related to colonial and domestic reform in the fiction and politics of the anti-slavery movement.
The anti-slavery movement may seem like a no-brainer today; how could we simply ignore the rights of other human beings?
Pupils will learn about William Wilberforce and Olaudah Equiano, a slave who bought his freedom, and how the anti-slavery movement led to later civil rights campaigns.
Other times, Waldstreicher juxtaposes public alongside private statements made by Franklin, which expose Franklin's ambivalences concerning the anti-slavery movement.
I think it is fair to say that you are to the right to life movement what William Wilberforce was to the anti-slavery movement.
Olaudah Equiano - Former slave and leader of anti-slavery movement in 18th century.
Long thought of as the birthplace of the anti-slavery movement, New England has a more complex history of slavery and slave trading than many realize.
Before the passage of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, the anti-slavery movement had been largely pacifist.