Antiaircraft Missile Complex

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Antiaircraft Missile Complex


a missile weapon consisting of an antiaircraft guided missile, a launcher, a detection and guidance radar set, a control system, monitoring-measuring equipment, and a means of transportation. Its designated task is to destroy enemy means of air attack.

Antiaircraft missile complexes appeared after World War II in the armed forces of the USSR and in the armed forces of certain foreign states. They are components of the antiaircraft missile forces and are the primary means of air defense. Antiaircraft missile complexes ensure detection, identification, and selection of air targets as well as the launching and guiding of antiaircraft guided missiles to the target under any weather conditions, at any season of the year, and at any time of the day or night. Antiaircraft guided missile complexes are divided by launching site into ground-, ship-, and submarine-based; by mobility they are divided into permanent, semipermanent, and mobile, and by performance specifications they are divided into long-range, medium-range, short-range, and close-action complexes. According to foreign figures, antiaircraft guided missiles have a flight range between 4 and 700 km, a maximum elevation from 1.5 to 150 km and more, a launch weight from 8 kg up to a maximum of 10 tons, and a flight speed between 270 and 2,300 m/sec.


Peresada, S. A. Zenitnoe upravliaemoe raketnoe oruzhie. Moscow, 1968.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.