Antiaircraft Artillery

antiaircraft artillery

[′an·tē′er‚kraft är′til·ə·rē]
(ordnance)
Projectile weapons with related equipment, such as searchlights or radar, employed on the ground or on ships to strike at airborne aircraft or missiles. Abbreviated AAA.

Antiaircraft Artillery

 

a type of artillery designed to destroy air targets. Organizationally it is included in the composition of units of the ground forces and of the National Air Defense Forces.

Antiaircraft artillery has developed along with the development of air power; these weapons first appeared before World War I. In Russia the first antiaircraft artillery battery was formed and sent to the front in 1915. After the October Revolution, the formation of small antiaircraft artillery units began in 1918, and antiaircraft artillery regiments began to form in 1924. During the 1930’s and 1940’s, 25-mm, 37-mm, 76-mm, and 85-mm antiaircraft guns were adopted. A standard organizational structure was established in antiaircraft units: battery, battalion, regiment (brigade). In World War II antiaircraft artillery became an important means of air defense and was also used against tanks and other targets. Together with fighter aviation it was used for air defense of troops and of vital government centers.

In many countries antiaircraft artillery adopted large-caliber (more than 100 mm), medium-caliber (from 60 to 100 mm), and small-caliber (from 20 to 60 mm) guns, shells with mechanical and radio fuses, antiaircraft directors, reconnaissance and target-indication radar stations, and also gunlaying stations. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45) the USSR formed antiaircraft artillery divisions at the end of 1942.

In the postwar period the modernization of antiaircraft artillery permitted significant increases in the effectiveness of fire and automation of fire. In the late 1940’s, 57-mm, 100-mm, and 130-mm antiaircraft guns were adopted in the USSR (these guns, antiaircraft directors, and gunlaying stations together made up antiaircraft artillery complexes), and in the 1950’s antiaircraft missile complexes were adopted. The ground forces began to use rapid-firing multibarrel antiaircraft artillery gun installations, primarily on self-propelled chassis, equipped with autonomous radar sets and computers. This made it possible to conduct effective fire under any weather conditions, both in place and on the move.

A. I. CHERVONOOKII

References in periodicals archive ?
On August 23, the 2019 Contingent Combat Campaign of the Antiaircraft Artillery Regiment and FF.EE.
Both sides decided that it was better to bomb the enemy cities at night so that the bombers would not be as vulnerable to enemy fighters and antiaircraft artillery. (5)
These frigates are armed with Kalibr-NK cruise missiles, the Shtil-1 self-defense missile system, the A-190 100mm artillery gun, antiaircraft artillery, a rocket launcher, torpedoes and can carry a Kamov Ka-27 or Ka-31 deck-based helicopter.
One group, led by the recently commissioned corporate lawyer and civil aeronautics expert Major Raynal Bolling, reported that "fighting airplanes and bombers" held significant military potential but that great numbers of antiaircraft artillery could reduce the effectiveness of bombing operations.
They included three outside of Baghdad that destroyed antiaircraft artillery controlled by the group.
The Millbury native, a gunner in the Army Air Corps' 2nd Bomb Group of the 429th Squadron, was with 10 others flying out of North Africa on a mission to bomb German submarines anchored in the harbor in Naples, Italy, when the plane took a direct hit from a German 88mm antiaircraft artillery gun, tearing a wing off.
"Pantsir-S1 is a short-to-medium range combined surface-to-air missile and antiaircraft artillery system manufactured by the Tula-based Instrument Making Design Bureau (KPB)," said Denisov.
Pantsir-S is a short-to-medium range combined surface-to-air missile and antiaircraft artillery system designed to protect point and area targets.
Soon after the busts, Azerbaijan announced and Israeli officials confirmed that Azerbaijan has signed contracts for $1.6 billion worth of Israeli weapons, including surveillance drones, antiaircraft artillery and missile defense systems.
They said: "The Syrian anti-air defences counteracted with antiaircraft artillery, hitting it directly.
* Fabricate three MiG-29 and 19 antiaircraft artillery targets.
That became a matter of life and death--mostly the latter--when they found themselves heavily outnumbered by North Vietnamese regulars backed by tanks and antiaircraft artillery.