Antiaris


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Antiaris

 

a genus of plants of the Moraceae family. They are monoecious trees or shrubs. The flowers are plain; the male flowers grow in globular racemes, and the female flowers are single. There are five or six species in the tropics of Asia, Africa, and Madagascar. In Russian literature the name anchar, or upas tree, refers to A. toxicaria, a tall tree of the Asian tropics. Its highly toxic juice, which has long been used to poison arrows, contains the glycosides antiarin and antiosidin.

REFERENCE

Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.
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At first you'd think it was just an ordinary park/museum, but after finding out that the Li tribe used the bark of a tree called antiaris toxicaria or poison arrow tree to make clothes, aprons, and quilts, and that the dragon, as the symbol of the Chinese nation, was woven into quilts with exquisite dragon patterns through a walk-through exhibit, you would know you were in the land of myths.
consimilis, Antiaris toxicaria, Clausena hainanensis, Argyreia acuta, Paraboea hainanensis, Tacca chantrieri, Distyliopsis tutcheri, Hybanthus enneaspermus, Scutellaria luzonica var.
Plant name Family Country Agaricus albolutescens Agaricaceae Bangladesh Zeller Antiaris Coxicaria Moraceae India Lesch.
The tree is called chenchen or antiaris, but also ako, koto, and kyenkyen are commonly used names, as well as bonkonko, kirundu, oro, ogiovu, ako, andoum, tsangu, akeche, mkuzu, mlulu, and mumaka.
Investigation of synergistic effects of extracts from Erythrophleum suaveolens, Azadirachta indica, and Chromolaena odorata on the durability of Antiaris toxicaria.
Because of this quality, this leaf is used as a container for many days over a fire to dehydrate the poisonous latex of the Antiaris toxicaria tree until it becomes the poison for blowpipe darts (Zahorka 2008).
Based on the study, the chimpanzee medicine chest apparently included the following: Antiaris toxicaria leaves (anti-tumor), Cordia abyssinica pith (anti-malarial and anti-bacterial), Ficus capensis (anti-bacterial), Ficus natalensis bark (anti-diarrheal), Ficus urceolaris leaves (de-worming agent), and many more.
Other less common or locally important traditional species found planted or protected in gardens and tree groves, particularly in Melanesia and in parts of western Micronesia, include Antiaris toxicaria, Burkella obovata, Pangium edule, Sterculia spp.
Ben Clift of Renaissance Specialty Veneer Products, Columbus, IN, said the tree is called chenchen or antiaris as well as ako and koto.
The duress of occupation circumstances and the need for quickly produced clothing led women to eschew the use of their preferred tree barks from species of the genus Ficus in favour of bark from the Antiaris toxicaria tree which could be beaten into cloth more rapidly.
The forest in southern Yunnan is characterized by species of Pometia (Sapindaceae), Terminalia (Combretaceae), Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae), Antiaris (Moraceae), and Gironnieria (Ulmaceae), and in southeastern Yunnan and southwestern Guangxi by species of Lysidice (Fabaceae), Burretiodendron (Tiliaceae), Eberhardtia (Sapotaceae), Cephalomappa and Deutzianthus (Euphorbiaceae), although they are also dominated by Shorea, Hopea, and Vatica (Dipterocarpaceae), Canarium and Garuga (Burseraceae), Knema and Horsfieldia (Myristicaceae), and Antiaris and Artocarpus (Moraceae), as in the tropical rainforest in southeastern Yunnan.
2006), the high demand for round log export for Ceiba pentandra, Antiaris chlorophora and other lesser known species which occur in large quantities in the off-reserve areas where harvesting rules and controls are less stringent increased logging activities in this area especially up to 1995 before the log export ban.