Antiaris


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Antiaris

 

a genus of plants of the Moraceae family. They are monoecious trees or shrubs. The flowers are plain; the male flowers grow in globular racemes, and the female flowers are single. There are five or six species in the tropics of Asia, Africa, and Madagascar. In Russian literature the name anchar, or upas tree, refers to A. toxicaria, a tall tree of the Asian tropics. Its highly toxic juice, which has long been used to poison arrows, contains the glycosides antiarin and antiosidin.

REFERENCE

Hutchinson, J. The Genera of Flowering Plants, vol. 2. Oxford, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Predominant trees include Milicia spp., Entandrophragma cylindricum, Triplochiton scleroxylon, Khaya spp., Antiaris toxicaria, Terminalia superba, Funtumia elastic Coastal savanna Region Greater Accra District/ (c) Shai Osudoku; (d) Ga West municipality Sampled Adusa, Akramanman, communities Ayikai Doblo, Ayikuma, Sota, Dodowa.
The main tree species in this forest type are Croton megalocarpus, Bosqueia phoberos, Celtis durandii, Aningeria altissima, Funtumia elastica, Antiaris toxicaria, Craibia brownie, and Olea capensis (MENR 2016).
At first you'd think it was just an ordinary park/museum, but after finding out that the Li tribe used the bark of a tree called antiaris toxicaria or poison arrow tree to make clothes, aprons, and quilts, and that the dragon, as the symbol of the Chinese nation, was woven into quilts with exquisite dragon patterns through a walk-through exhibit, you would know you were in the land of myths.
Ipoh was named after the tree, scientifically known as antiaris toxicaria.
Juss., Dichrostachys glomerata Chiov., Antiaris toxicaria Lesch., Uvaria siamensis (Scheff.), Panicum maximum Jacq., Byrsocarpus coccineus Schumach.
consimilis, Antiaris toxicaria, Clausena hainanensis, Argyreia acuta, Paraboea hainanensis, Tacca chantrieri, Distyliopsis tutcheri, Hybanthus enneaspermus, Scutellaria luzonica var.
This is reflected in the names given to the poison tree Antiaris toxicaria and dart poison in Penan, Punan and various Dayak languages.
Plant name Family Country Agaricus albolutescens Agaricaceae Bangladesh Zeller Antiaris Coxicaria Moraceae India Lesch.
The tree is called chenchen or antiaris, but also ako, koto, and kyenkyen are commonly used names, as well as bonkonko, kirundu, oro, ogiovu, ako, andoum, tsangu, akeche, mkuzu, mlulu, and mumaka.
Based on the study, the chimpanzee medicine chest apparently included the following: Antiaris toxicaria leaves (anti-tumor), Cordia abyssinica pith (anti-malarial and anti-bacterial), Ficus capensis (anti-bacterial), Ficus natalensis bark (anti-diarrheal), Ficus urceolaris leaves (de-worming agent), and many more.