These included: Antiaris toxicaria (latex), which contains cardiotonic cardenolides-the plant is toxic and is used as dart poison by local people (Carter et al.
New cardenolides isolated from Antiaris toxicaria latex-derived dart poison.
Investigation of synergistic effects of extracts from Erythrophleum suaveolens, Azadirachta indica, and Chromolaena odorata on the durability of Antiaris toxicaria
Because of this quality, this leaf is used as a container for many days over a fire to dehydrate the poisonous latex of the Antiaris toxicaria
tree until it becomes the poison for blowpipe darts (Zahorka 2008).
Based on the study, the chimpanzee medicine chest apparently included the following: Antiaris toxicaria
leaves (anti-tumor), Cordia abyssinica pith (anti-malarial and anti-bacterial), Ficus capensis (anti-bacterial), Ficus natalensis bark (anti-diarrheal), Ficus urceolaris leaves (de-worming agent), and many more.
Other less common or locally important traditional species found planted or protected in gardens and tree groves, particularly in Melanesia and in parts of western Micronesia, include Antiaris toxicaria
, Burkella obovata, Pangium edule, Sterculia spp.
comosus, Antiaris toxicaria
, Boehmeria nivea, Borassus flabellifer,
The names chenchen and antiaris actually refer to three closely related species of Antiaris, which is the Javanese name for the gum resin of the upas tree: Antiaris toxicaria, Antiaris africana and Antiaris welsitschii.
It is closely related to the upas tree, the botanical name of which is Antiaris toxicaria.
He also addresses some past misunderstandings about the nature of this poison and its botanical source, Antiaris toxicaria
Blowpipe dart poison in Borneo is generally produced from the latex of the Antiaris toxicaria tree (Moraceae).
The raw material that yields the poison is the latex of the tall tree Antiaris toxicaria (Pers.