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Music an unstressed, usually short note introduced before a downbeat and harmonically related to the chord immediately following it
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in psychology and philosophy, the ability to react to events ahead of time. This concept of “anticipation” is closest to the concept introduced in psychology by the German scientist W. Wundt. Psychologists distinguish two senses in which the term “anticipation” is used: (1) an organism’s expectation of a certain situation, which is manifested in some pose or movement; and (2) manifestation by a human being of the results of his action even before the action is performed (hence the definition of the goal as the anticipated subject).

In philosophy, the concept of anticipation is encountered as far back as the Stoics and Epicureans in reference to prolepsis—the general concept of knowledge before the perception of concrete individual things directly from the Logos. F. Bacon took a firm position against anticipation, proceeding from the principle that nature has to be studied, not anticipated. Kant used the term to mean “a priori knowledge of subjects of perception before the perceptions themselves.”

In logic, anticipation is used to denote temporary acceptance of a proposition which is to be proved subsequently, as if it were already proven.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The occurrence of a phenotype at a younger age or in a more severe form in succeeding generations of a family.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
We believed that the employees with negative anticipations would be likely to remain silent in the organization.
Hypothesis 2: Negative anticipations will play a mediating role in the relationship between supervisor narcissism and employee silence.
We believed that a high-quality superior--subordinate relationship would be conducive to reducing the negative anticipations of employees.
New foreign investments and opening of new work places, continuing the positive trend of unemployment drop, increased competitiveness and increased infrastructure investments--are part of the factors connected with the economic growth, which will mark 4.1 percent as shown in the newest anticipation of the National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia.
If we compare the anticipation of EU, EBRD, IMF and WB, the highest growth rates are anticipated in Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo.
In my view the prediction of future that influences the current decision is called anticipation. This clearly suggests that anticipation is not a function of the organism it is built in it and even on different levels.
Researchers categorized the anticipation from different points of view already.
Given that there have been no studies to date on client anticipations about CACGs, it is appropriate to first provide a comprehensive examination of client anticipations about career counseling in general.
Galassi, Crace, Martin, James, and Wallace (1992) investigated the extent to which client preferences and actual anticipations about career counseling were congruent.
Brian's example illustrates another important feature of your multiple, fictional futures: Your anticipations don't have to be accurate to impact your behavior.
Only a few types of anticipations need to be accurate in order to be useful.
Anticipation, says Webster's, is "pleasurable expectation." That's the gist of this issue, as well.