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the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, Anand while still an anticolonialist, was not fully entrenched in the Moscow-oriented ecumene (which Orwell himself had famously turned against) but remained a cosmopolitan figure participating in the intellectual worlds of both London and India.
Whether in the debates surrounding the founding of the United Nations or in the anticolonialist movement, in any conflict between contemporary human rights language with Westphalian rights language, the latter language triumphed.
(72) Even more important, perhaps, is a related argument developed by Narayan in response to Heldke's manifesto of anticolonialist eating practices.
Part 1 ('Sartre on Race and Racism') begins with an essay by Judaken, largely historical in orientation, mapping out 'four overlapping phases' in Sartre's development (24): 'Sartre's anti-Antisemitism', 'Anticolonialist Existentialism', 'Third World Radicalism', and 'Antiracist Alter-Globalization'.
(First, um: George Washington = anticolonialist.) That, like so much conservative rhetoric of late, D'Souza's philippic seems designed to--in Chris Matthews' phrase-rip the scab off American race relations?
In 2010, our movement focused on two priorities: the World March of Women and the anticapitalist, anticolonialist and antipatriarchy fight against the G8-G20 meetings in Ontario.
It is with great sadness that we learned of the death on 9 August of Georges Fontenis, who played an important role in the rebuilding of the French anarchist movement after 1945, in the anticolonialist movement at the time of the Algerian war, in supporting the libertarian anti-Francoist movement in exile, and in the formation of a 'libertarian communist' movement.
Cossa and Schlinkert curated the exhibition that underlies the volume, shown at Lazzaretto Sant'Elia in 2002, one of a series exploring modern anticolonialist art in Africa.
Again, it would not be off my point which is precisely this: why did not Timor follow a path similar to Macau, another dwarf next to a mighty neighbour who boosted anticolonialist rhetoric?
Hassan also notes the ambivalent role Cairo, Egypt played between England and Africa in the early 20th century in that it both covertly aided various Arab anticolonialist movements while serving as an Imperial outpost for England (95).