Antietam National Battlefield

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Antietam National Battlefield:

see Antietam campaignAntietam campaign
, Sept., 1862, of the Civil War. After the second battle of Bull Run, Gen. Robert E. Lee crossed the Potomac to invade Maryland and Pennsylvania. At Frederick, Md., he divided (Sept.
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Antietam National Battlefield

Address:PO Box 158
Sharpsburg, MD 21782

Size: 3,255 acres.
Established: Established as a national battlefield site on August 30, 1890; transferred from War Department on August 10, 1933. Entrance fee required.
Location:North and east of Sharpsburg, Maryland, along MD 34 and 65. Both routes intersect either US 40 or 40A and I-70. Visitor center is north of Sharpsburg on MD 65.
Facilities:Campground (10 sites; @di), rest rooms (é), bicycle trail, visitor center (é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail.
Activities:Auto touring (8.5 miles), camping, hiking, bicycling, fishing, interpretive programs (during the summer season).
Special Features:General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North was ended on this battlefield on September 17, 1862. The battle claimed more than 23,000 men killed, wounded, and missing in a single day -- more than on any other day of the Civil War -- and led to Lincoln's issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. The Pry House Field Hospital Museum is located in the historic Pry House, which served as Union Commander General George B. McClellan's headquarters during the battle. Antietam (Sharpsburg) National Cemetery (5,032 interments; 1,836 unidentified) adjoins the park.

See other parks in Maryland.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
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