processing

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processing

[′prä‚ses·iŋ]
(communications)
Further handling, manipulation, consolidation, compositing, and so on, of information to convert it from one format to another or to reduce it to manageable or intelligible information.
(engineering)
The act of converting material from one form into another desired form.

processing

(data processing, signal processing)
Performing some predefined sequence of operations on an input to produce an output or change of internal state; activity specifically involving the computer's CPU.

The term is often qualified: "data processing" treats digital data, "signal processing" treats analog data (possibly in digital form), "word processing" takes in typed human language input and produces digital documents, image processing transforms digital images.

processing

Manipulating data within the computer. For an explanation of how the computer processes data, see computer and review "The 3 C's." "Processing" is appended to a variety of terms, but the word itself always implies "performing" or "doing work" by means of a computer or computer-based device. See centralized processing, distributed processing, batch processing, transaction processing and multiprocessing.
References in periodicals archive ?
Goldberg, "Post-proteasomal antigen processing for major histocompatibility complex class I presentation," Nature Immunology, vol.
Thus it was important to examine the indirect immunotoxic effects of PRN exposure on the antigen processing and presentation component of cell-mediated immunity.
The most important findings of this study are that a) exposure to PRN during 1[degrees] CTL activation results in a dramatic delayed abrogation of CTL lysis that is irreversible, and b) the immunotoxic effects of PRN exposure under these conditions are limited to the functional activity of CTLs and do not affect antigen processing and presentation to CTLs.
However, subdominant determinants (SD) or ignored determinants (ID), which have a minimal impact on naive T cell activation, should have large pools of naive T cells available for priming into tolerance when we bypass natural antigen processing to experimentally present these peptides.
HSPs); c) by passing antigen processing as a method for generating stable antigen presentation in DCs (76), 3) enhancing DC and T cell interaction including a) prolonging DC survival to enhance T cell interaction; b) induction of CD4+ T cell help as a strategy for augmenting CD8+ T cell responses (76).
Prediction of Antigen Processing and Integration with Peptide-MHC Binding Prediction.
Angenieux et al., "Assistance of microbial glycolipid antigen processing by CD1e," Science, vol.
This process requires the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1), TAP2, and different ER-resident chaperons such as calnexin, calreticulin, and tapasin [55, 56].
The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) facilitates the import of proteasomally processed peptides from cytosol into the ER [12].
Viral peptide adsorbed in mesoporous silicon particles would be protected from degradation (silicon microparticles are long-term stable at low pH (<6) [19]) and released slowly into the dendritic cells antigen processing pathways.
Physiological pathogen-specific T-cell activation involves in fact several steps, comprising antigen digestion by the proteasome/immunoproteasome, interaction with the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP) protein for MHC I binding, binding to MHC and TCR recognitions.