Antigonus II

Antigonus II

Antigonus II (Antigonus Gonatas) (ăntigˈənəs) (gōnāˈtəs), c.320–239 B.C., king of Macedon, son of Demetrius I. He took the title king on his father's death (283) but made good his claim only by defeating the Gauls in Thrace and by taking Macedon in 276. His rule was very troubled; Pyrrhus attacked him, and so did Ptolemy II. A confederation of Greek cities headed by Athens waged (c.266–c.262 B.C.) the so-called Chremonidean War against him. Antigonus won the war, captured Athens, and restored the Macedonian state. However, the Achaean League, under Aratus, gained power c.251. Nevertheless Antigonus maintained himself and for a brief period united Greece. He was himself a scholar and a patron of philosophy and poetry. Upon his death he was succeeded by his son, Demetrius II.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Aratus resided at the courts of Antigonus II Gonatas, king of Macedonia, and Antiochus I of Syria.
Curius Dentatus, who drove Pyrrhus' vaunted elephants back on the rest of Pyrrhus' army, creating great confusion (275); having suffered heavy losses, Pyrrhus returned to Epirus, allegedly remarking, "What a fine field of battle I leave here for Rome and Carthage"; he defeated Antigonus II Gonatus and shut him up in the port of Thessalonica (Thessaloniki) (274), but abandoned his newly won kingdom of Macedon to intervene in Greece itself; launched an unsuccessful attack on Sparta to restore Cleonymus (272), and was killed in a nighttime street skirmish in Argos (272).