(redirected from Antihelminthic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Antihelminthic: Albendazole, Antihelminthic Drugs





(also vermifuge, helminthagogue), a preparation used to treat worm diseases, or helminthiases. The action of different anthelmintics varies. Some preparations, such as Heptylresorcine and Phenasal, damage the cuticle (integument) of helminths, while other preparations, such as santonin, ditrazin, piperazine, and naphtammone, alter the tone and mobility of parasites. Anthelmintics expel helminths from the patient’s body and are used when helminths infest the intestine and its communicating organs (liver, pancreas). Anthelmintics are also used to kill helminths.

Piperazine acts on the neuromuscular system of ascarids, which are subsequently excreted with feces. Phenasal destroys the integument of various tapeworms, including beef tapeworms, dwarf tapeworms, and broad tapeworms. They are then digested in the intestine and their residue is excreted. Chloxyl kills Siberian liver fluke in the liver and pancreas. The parasite is then eliminated into the intestine. Other anthelmintics, such as ditrazin and antimony preparations, destroy helminths, such as filiariae and schistosomes, in the blood, lymphatics, and tissues. Some antihelmintics, such as ditrazin and Chloxyl, are produced chemically. Others are obtained from plants, for example, from Artemisia cina or the extract of male fern.


Krotov, A. I. Osnovy eksperimental’noi terapii gel’mintozov. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
In all 4 clinical cases of returned travelers with myelitis, recovery was good after antihelminthic therapy (13,19-21).
The antihelminthic agents thiabendazole, albendazole, and ivermectin are used to treat strongyloidiasis.
Because of the high morbidity and mortality of the antihelminthic medications albendazol (Albenza) and praziquantel (Biltricide), it is uncertain when therapies should be employed.
Following a probable exposure to schistosomiasis, I was administered the appropriate antihelminthic medication.
The 200 samples were screened purposively relevance to the inclusion and exclusion criteria of 16-65 years old with both genders males and females(not pregnant), non-medicated with any of antihelminthic drugs, non-medicated with any of antibiotic, phenytoin, carbamazepine, no complication of gastrointestinal symptoms, no hepatitis or liver diseases.
Also, it is used as an antispasmodic, antihelminthic, carminative, antidiabetic, diuretic and antihypertensive [3].
Antihelminthic treatment with albendazole (400 mg 2x/d) and concomitantly with methyl-prednisolone (20 mg 2x/d) was initiated, and the patient recovered rapidly.
Antihelminthic treatment may result in pericystic inflammatory reaction which might worsen the clinical state.
Effects of the antibacterial agents tiamulin, olanquindox and metronidazole and the antihelminthic ivermectin on the soil invertebrate species Folsomia fimeteria (Collembola) and Enchytraeus crypticus (Enchytraeidae).
Key Words: antihelminthic, cysticercosis, intraventricular, shunting