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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also vermifuge, helminthagogue), a preparation used to treat worm diseases, or helminthiases. The action of different anthelmintics varies. Some preparations, such as Heptylresorcine and Phenasal, damage the cuticle (integument) of helminths, while other preparations, such as santonin, ditrazin, piperazine, and naphtammone, alter the tone and mobility of parasites. Anthelmintics expel helminths from the patient’s body and are used when helminths infest the intestine and its communicating organs (liver, pancreas). Anthelmintics are also used to kill helminths.

Piperazine acts on the neuromuscular system of ascarids, which are subsequently excreted with feces. Phenasal destroys the integument of various tapeworms, including beef tapeworms, dwarf tapeworms, and broad tapeworms. They are then digested in the intestine and their residue is excreted. Chloxyl kills Siberian liver fluke in the liver and pancreas. The parasite is then eliminated into the intestine. Other anthelmintics, such as ditrazin and antimony preparations, destroy helminths, such as filiariae and schistosomes, in the blood, lymphatics, and tissues. Some antihelmintics, such as ditrazin and Chloxyl, are produced chemically. Others are obtained from plants, for example, from Artemisia cina or the extract of male fern.


Krotov, A. I. Osnovy eksperimental’noi terapii gel’mintozov. Moscow, 1973.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Furthermore, regular antihelminthics and parasitic medication for baboons in pet's shops is of great importance.
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Urbani C, Albonico M (2003) Antihelminthic drug safety and drug administration in the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis in community campaigns.
In 2005, WHO and UNICEF created GIVS to guide countries in expanding the breadth and scope of vaccination and in using vaccination infrastructure to provide other essential health interventions (e.g., vitamin A, antihelminthics, and insecticide treated bed nets) (6).
Abstract: Management of neurocysticercosis (NCC) is mostly by means of prevention and antihelminthic medications.
Antihelminthic therapy is clearly indicated if the patient has arachnoiditis, hydrocephalus, or radiographic evidence of noncalcified, nonenhancing cystic lesions of the brain parenchyma (Dumois et al., 1993).