Antiochus IV

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Antiochus IV

(Antiochus Epiphanes) (āntī`əkəs ēpĭf`ənēz), d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus IIIAntiochus III
(Antiochus the Great), d. 187 B.C., king of Syria (223–187 B.C.), son of Seleucus II and younger brother of Seleucus III, whom he succeeded. At his accession the Seleucid empire was in decline.
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 and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius IDemetrius I
(Demetrius Soter) , c.187–150 B.C., king of ancient Syria (162–150 B.C.), son of Seleucus IV. He was sent as a hostage to Rome, where he remained during the reigns of his father and his uncle Antiochus IV.
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) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne. Antiochus is best known for his attempt to Hellenize Judaea and extirpate Judaism—a policy that instigated the rebellion of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. Antiochus invaded Egypt, which was torn by strife between Ptolemy VIPtolemy VI
(Ptolemy Philometor) , d. 145 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (180–145 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy V. He became king when an infant, and his mother, Cleopatra, was regent.
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 and his brother (later Ptolemy VIIIPtolemy VIII
(Ptolemy Physcon) , d. 116 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (145–116 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, brother of Ptolemy VI. He is also called Ptolemy Euergetes II. He was coruler with his brother and his brother's wife from 170–164 B.C.
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), and would probably have conquered that region if the Romans had not intervened in his siege of Alexandria (168). Antiochus was briefly succeeded by his son, Antiochus V, a boy king who was overthrown by Demetrius I.

Antiochus IV

?215--164 bc, Seleucid king of Syria (175--164), who attacked the Jews and provoked the revolt of the Maccabees
References in periodicals archive ?
Matters came to a head in 168-166 BCE when the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes issued a series of decrees outlawing the practice of the Jewish faith, defiled the Temple with the "abomination that makes desolate," and installed a permanent military garrison in Jerusalem.
Unlike Thanksgiving, the much older holiday of Hanukkah lasts for eight days and celebrates the successful rebellion of the Maccabees against Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
It records the exploits of the Maccabean family (later called Hasmoneans) in their revolt against Antiochus IV Epiphanes and his aggressive campaign to Hellenize (24) the land of Israel.
Based on a critical textual analysis of the Book of Daniel, it is hypothesized that it was specifically written as a theological-political tractate addressed to the Judean Hasidim during their persecution by Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the Seleucid-Greek occupier of Israel.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes then ordered his whole kingdom to be Greek in customs, language, religion, everything.
The Book of Daniel is set in a time in which the Israelites were dominated and persecuted by the cruel ruler Antiochus IV Epiphanes, probably about 165 B.
These three early historical apocalypses used similar strategies of scriptural reinterpretation and historical overviews of past, present, and future in order to counter the violence, propaganda, and ideology of the Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
In 167 BCE, Seleucid king Antiochus IV Epiphanes issued an edict against Judean religious practices.
168, 175), Antiochus IV Epiphanes (chapter five: Ant.
More plausible, in their view, is dating the change to the lunar reckoning by mainstream Judaism, alluded to in Daniel's vision, to the first quarter of the second century BCE, when Antiochus IV Epiphanes introduced the lunar calendar in his empire.