Antiochus IV(redirected from Antiochus IV Epiphanes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Antiochus IV (Antiochus Epiphanes) (āntīˈəkəs) (ēpĭfˈənēz), d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus III and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius I) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne. Antiochus is best known for his attempt to Hellenize Judaea and extirpate Judaism—a policy that instigated the rebellion of the Maccabees. Antiochus invaded Egypt, which was torn by strife between Ptolemy VI and his brother (later Ptolemy VIII), and would probably have conquered that region if the Romans had not intervened in his siege of Alexandria (168). Antiochus was briefly succeeded by his son, Antiochus V, a boy king who was overthrown by Demetrius I.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
?215--164 bc, Seleucid king of Syria (175--164), who attacked the Jews and provoked the revolt of the Maccabees
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005