Antipater


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Antipater,

in the New Testament: see HerodHerod,
dynasty reigning in Palestine at the time of Jesus. As a dynasty the Herods depended largely on the power of Rome. They are usually blamed for the state of virtual anarchy in Palestine at the beginning of the Christian era.

Antipater (fl. c.65 B.C.
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Antipater

(ăntĭp`ətər), d. 319 B.C., Macedonian general. He was one of the ablest and most trusted lieutenants of Philip IIPhilip II,
382–336 B.C., king of Macedon (359–336 B.C.), son of Amyntas II. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people.
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 and was a friend and supporter of Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
or Alexander III,
356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Youth and Kingship

The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education.
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. When Alexander went on his Asian campaign, Antipater was left as regent (334–323 B.C.) in Macedon. He resisted the attempt of Olympias to gain the regency and governed ably except that his policy of supporting tyrants and oligarchs made him unpopular in Greece. After the death of Alexander he put down a rebellion of many of the Greek cities in the Lamian War and punished Athens. By imposing a more oligarchic form of government on Athens, he drove Demosthenes to commit suicide. Antipater was a leading opponent of the regent, Perdiccas, and after Perdiccas was defeated in 321 by Ptolemy I, Antigonus I, and Craterus, it was Antipater who held the kingdom together. After his death it fell violently apart in the wars of the DiadochiDiadochi
[Gr.,=successors], the Macedonian generals and administrators who succeeded Alexander the Great. Alexander's empire, the largest that the world had known to that time, was quickly built. At his death in 323 B.C. it disintegrated even more quickly.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Before Herod executed his son Herod Antipater, he allowed Antipater to become co-regent with him.
Badian (1968:187-88) argues that Perdiccas had thought of moving the body to Aegae after a pact with Antipater was sealed early in 321 by his marriage to Antipater's daughter Nicaea, but changed his mind later that spring when the deal with Antipater broke down.
66) There is no good reason to doubt that Alexander fell victim to some life-threatening illness, but there is good reason to disbelieve the story that he was poisoned by Iollas at the behest of Antipater.
When the first list of the Seven Wonders of the World was first drawn up by (it is said) Antipater of Sidon back in the 2nd Century BC the project lacked a commercial sponsor.
Cassander, son of Philip II's aide Antipater and husband of Alexander's half-sister Thessalonike, gave her name to the city which in 316 B.
The latter fails to be the subject of even a single allusion in any of Marlowe's and Jonson's plays; inasmuch as he does make an appearance in the drama of Shakespeare's contemporaries, such as Elizabeth Cary's Tragedy of Maryam, the anonymous Second Maiden's Tragedy, and Herod and Antipater, it is as a historical character lifted from the pages of Thomas Lodge's 1602 translation of Josephus' Of the Antiquities of the Jews, and unrelated to the pageant Herod.
Antipater, Rome's puppet ruler in Judea, was assassinated in 43 BCE.
This period extends from the reforms of Cleisthenes in 507 to the property qualification for citizenship imposed by Antipater in 322.
9) Moreover, the Hasmoneans themselves quickly adopted Hellenistic mores; they instituted holidays celebrating military victories (Nicanor Day on the 13th of Adar), as did the Greeks; they signed treaties with Rome and forged close alliances with the upper strata of Jerusalem society, whose hellenized proclivities - as those of the Hasmoneans themselves (see below) - are attested by names such as Alexander, Diodorus, Apollonius, Eupolemus, Numenius, Antiochus, Jason, Antipater, and Aeneas.
The Harpalus affair showed that Alexander's authority in Greece and Macedonia was unclear: demands for Harpalus' arrest and surrender were made to Athens separately by Antipater, Olympias and Philoxenus the satrap of Caria.