Antiphlogistic


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Related to Antiphlogistic: cytophylactic, cicatrisant

Antiphlogistic

 

a medicinal preparation that suppresses inflammatory reactions. Antiphlogistics include derivatives of salicylic acid, such as sodium salicylate, salicylamide, and acetylsalicylic acid, and derivatives of pyrazolone, such as amidopyrine, analgin, and butadion. Indomethacin, a derivative of indole, is also an antiphlogistic.

Antiphlogistics are used for treating rheumatism, neuritis, myositis, arthritis, and other diseases that are accompanied by inflammation. An intense antiphlogistic effect is exerted by the hormones of the adrenal cortex, or corticosteroids, which include cortisone and hydrocortisone. Adrenocortical synthetic preparations include prednisolone, dexamethasone, and Synalar. With local use, an antiphlogistic effect is produced by substances that constrict blood vessels, such as adrenaline, ephedrine, and naphthyzine. Astringents and coating agents are also antiphlogistic.

REFERENCES

Anichkov, S. V., and M. L. Belen’kii. Uchebnik farmakologii, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1968.
Mashkovskii, M. D. Lekarstvennye sredstva, 7th ed., parts 1‣2. Moscow, 1972.
Sigidin, Ia. A. Mekhanizmy lechebnogo deistviia antirevmaticheskikh sredstv. Moscow, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are numerous studies confirming its strong antimicrobial, antiviral, antifungal, and antiphlogistic activity [37-39].
Poplar bark and leaves have antiphlogistic, analgesic, antibacterial and spasmolytic effects.
Review of new publications No 91: An essay on combustion, with a view to a new art of dying and painting, wherein the phlogistic and antiphlogistic hypotheses are proved erroneous by Mrs Fulhame, The Gentleman's Magazine, p.
(15,16) Conservative management of suspected PLF may entail bed rest and antiphlogistic or rheologic therapy.
The herb is known in folk medicine as an antiphlogistic and constringent; it increases biliary secretion and stops internal bleeding.
Andres P, Brenneisen R, Clerc JT (1989) Relating antiphlogistic efficacy of dermatics containing extracts of Symphytum officinale to chemical profiles.
The child was also required to adhere to a strict "antiphlogistic [diet]; that is, an entire forbearance from animal food; from every kind of liquor, whether fermented or distilled; and from spices of every species" (Dewees, 1825, p.
According to the Rhubarb Compendium (www.rhubarbinfo.com), it is an excellent laxative, antiphlogistic and homeostatic in the treatment of constipation, diarrhoea, jaundice, gastro-intestinal haemorrhage, menstrual disorders, conjunctivitis, sores and ulcers.
Under the agreement terms, Sankyo Pharma will transfer to STADA its 11 proprietary items including endermic antiphlogistic Mobilat and circulatory enhancer and humectant Hirudoid.
3-as antiphlogistic mean reducing pain and subjective complaints in cases of inflammations.
Treatment of the marmoset included removal of the necrotic mucosal surface under anesthesia, local administration of acyclovir, and systemic application of antiemetic, antiphlogistic, and antibiotic agents.
(5) The conflict between the "antiphlogistic" system of chemistry, which viewed combustion as a combination with oxygen gas, and its "phlogistic" predecessor and rival, which treated combustion as the release of phlogiston (the principle of inflammability thought to be present in all combustible substances), is usually associated with the names of two scientists, Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Priestley, who shared the rational and liberal principles of the philosophes.