Antisthenes


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Antisthenes

(ăntĭs`thənēz), b. 444? B.C., d. after 371 B.C., Greek philosopher, founder of the CynicsCynics
[Gr.,=doglike, probably from their manners and their meeting place, the Cynosarges, an academy for Athenian youths], ancient school of philosophy founded c.440 B.C. by Antisthenes, a disciple of Socrates.
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. Most of his paradoxical views stemmed from his early Sophist orientation, even though he became one of Socrates' most ardent followers. He believed that man's happiness lay in cultivating virtue for its own sake. To attain virtue, man must reduce his dependence on the external world to a minimum, disregard social convention, shun pleasure, and live in poverty. Antisthenes, like Xenophanes, repudiated polytheism, substituting one god, whom he described as unlike anything known to man. His view that each individual is unique had implications for ethics and for a theory of knowledge.
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Antisthenes

(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Reduzierung des Korpergewichts reicht und das doch in Sokrates seine eigentliche Mitte und in der Ablehnung der Knabenliebe und im Preis auf die Ehe als die schonste Form erotischen Zusammenlebens sein Ziel besitzt, wobei der Fortgang der Erzahlung zumal durch die Einwurfe und Fragen des Antisthenes belebt und in Gang gehalten wird.
Much of Prince's work focuses on the individual believed to be the primary influence on the Cynic movement, Antisthenes.
3.6, the character Antisthenes' suggestion (along with Niceratus' agreement) that no group of people is 'more stupid than the rhapsodes' seems to have played a unduly prominent role in the historical reception of the rhapsodes.
Antisthenes, the lions said to the hares ['where are your claws and
So that any one who had a wife might confidently instruct her in whatever he wished her to know." This observation caused Antisthenes to put it to Socrates, "Why, if he thought so, did he not educate Xanthippe, instead of leaving her the most notoriously ill-conditioned wife in existence?" It is a question that Socrates pointedly deflects, instead turning it to his own moral advantage: "he, wishing to converse and associate with mankind, had chosen to have a wife of this kind, knowing that if he could bear her society, he would be able to get on with any one else in the world." (13)
"[t]hey would perhaps say what Antisthenes says the lions say when
(6) Antisthenes, the late 5th/early 4th century Socratic, is credited with probably the least ambiguous formulation of monotheism in all antiquity, expressed in terms of the sophistic nomos-physis antithesis.
If Musonius in Diatribe 4 states that all virtues are equally good for both men and women and belong to both genders in the same way, this was already maintained by Antisthenes, as is attested by Diogenes Laertius 6.12.
101r-v), for example, he indicates his preference for Stoicism: "I follow and have always strongly pursued that set of teachings which, begun by Antisthenes, was expanded by Zeno and completed by Chrysippus." Filelfo clearly understood the genealogical relationship of Stoicism to Cynicism.
Against this common doxa, the most important disciples of Socrates (Antisthenes, Plato, Xenophon) rehabilitate the hero and admire his temperance and his courage.
(9) The narrator's contempt recalls the scorn poured by Cynics such as Diogenes and Antisthenes on people who lived luxurious lives.
A string of three 4's occurs in the BC date 444 in this definition of cynic: A member or follower of a school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes (b ab 444 B.C.) that taught that virtue is the only good, its essence lying in self-control and independence, and that later developed into a coarse opposition to social customs and current philosophical opinions--contrasted with Cyrenaic