Émile Antoine Bourdelle

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bourdelle, Émile Antoine

 

Born Oct. 30, 1861, in Montauban; died Oct. 1, 1929, in Vesinet. French sculptor.

Bourdelle studied at the School of Fine Arts in Toulouse (1876-84) and in Paris (1884-86). He worked in the studios of A. Falguière (1884) and A. Rodin (1893-1908) and taught in the studio Grande Chaumière (1909-29). Bourdelle’s works from the end of the 1880’s to the beginning of the 1900’s, with their occasional violent expression (Monument to the Fallen in Montauban, bronze, 1893-1902), are distinguished by the fineness of their rhythms and the volume and complexity of the general construction. In later works, striving for the heroic and monumental quality in his images, Bourdelle recreated the traditions of Greek antiquity, the early classics, and European medieval art. Bourdelle’s works are distinguished by unity of construction and dynamics, contrast of light and shade, coarsely energetic treatment of exaggeratedly large, solid forms, and activity of spatial construction (Hercules Shooting From a Bow, 1909; Penelope, 1909-12; and Sappho, 1924-25, all bronze). In his portraits (A. Rodin, bronze, 1909; France, bronze, 1919), Bourdelle reveals the tension of human inner life. In his Monument to Alvear, in Buenos Aires (bronze, 1915-23), his Paris statue France (bronze, 1925), and his monument to A. Mickiewicz (bronze, 1909-29), Bourdelle strove to express civic ideas. In Bourdelle’s various works of the 1920’s, the characteristics of declarativeness, stylization, and archaization appear. Bourdelle also drew and painted (frescoes of the Théâtre des Champs Ely sees, 1912). The work of Bourdelle, one of the greatest monument builders of his time, occupied an important place in progressive French art of the first third of the 20th century.

WORKS

Iskusstvo skul’ptury. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from French.)

REFERENCES

Roden i ego vremia: Katalog. Moscow, [no date].
Starodubova, V. V. Burdel’. Moscow, 1970.
Jianou, I., and M. Dufet. Bourdelle. Paris, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Realisee par Antoine Bourdelle (1861-1929) dans les annees 1910, "Heracles archer" s'inspire d'un des douze travaux d'Heracles et a ete installee avant de finaliser la construction des murs.
In the 1920s, Richier had been a student of Antoine Bourdelle, then the reigning counter-Rodinist, an artist widely admired for a type of "heroic," quasi-geometric realism that paralleled the monumental platitudes of Aristide Maillol.
I was suddenly aimless and lost." (Source: www.artchive.com.) In 1922 he traveled to Paris to continue his studies with sculptor Antoine Bourdelle. It was during this sojourn that he flirted with Cubism.
I think particularly of Jerry Hardman-Jones's picture of Emile Antoine Bourdelle's giant horse in a snowstorm; of Joanna Mowbray's stark, frost-rimed Beyond and Within, photographed by Jonty Wilde; and of Magdalena Abakanowicz's mist-enshrouded Hand Like Trees, and a sun-dappled Rodin, both caught by Clare Lilley.
FANTASTICAL: the Henry Moore Institute exhibition includes Emile Antoine Bourdelle's 'Dying Centaure, 1914, and Maria Martin's 'The Impossible III',
The setting made the show, with Gres's gowns and day wear gracing sculptor's stands and wood-framed vitrines throughout the luminous atelier and chambers of middling Neoclassical sculptor Antoine Bourdelle. Juxtaposed with Bourdelle's hectoring heroism, Gres's impeccably draped and pleated tunics and togas demonstrated all the more clearly how the best modern artists made the past new.
They are a long way from the sculpture of her teacher, Antoine Bourdelle, who had himself been a student of Rodin's, as his well-muscled bronzes attest.