Antoine Furetière

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Furetière, Antoine


Born Dec. 28, 1620, in Paris; died there May 14, 1688. French writer. Member of the Académie Française (1662). A lawyer by education.

In 1653, Furetière published his burlesque narrative poem The Voyage of Mercury, in which he boldly and accurately satirized the shortcomings of society and, in particular, the defects of the aristocracy. His collection Assorted Poems (1655) contains poems that resemble moralizing satires. The Bourgeois Romance (1666; Russian translation under the title Petit Bourgeois Romance, 1962) played an important role in the development of the realistic novel of everyday life in the 17th century. A polemic against preciosity occupies a special place in The Bourgeois Romance, as does a critique of the extreme aspects of burlesque literature. Furetière affirmed his democratic “third estate” views in Fables, Moral and New (published 1671).

Furetière compiled the Universal Dictionary Containing All French Words (published 1690), which constitutes a broad reflection of the French vocabulary of the 17th century. Permission to publish the dictionary, granted to Furetière in 1684, angered some of his fellow members of the Académie Française, who were preparing a similar work, and Furetière was expelled from the academy in 1685.


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946. Pages 399–404.
Reynier, G. “Le Roman bourgeois.” In his book Le Roman réaliste. Paris, 1914.
Adam, A. Histoire de la littérature française au 17 siècle, vols. 2–4. Paris, 1962.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In one other change from the 1978 version of Rey's text to the present volume, the title has shifted from Antoine Furetiere: imagier de la culture classique to Antoine Furetiere: un precurseur des Lumieres sous Louis XIV.
The 1690 publication of Antoine Furetiere's Dictionaire universal documents this definition:
The three works in question--Thomas Wilson's The Arte of Rhetorique of 1560, George Puttenham's The Arte of English Poesie of 1589, and Antoine Furetiere's Nouvelle allegorique, on Histoire des derniers troubles arrives au royaume d'Eloquence (Allegorical Novella, or History of the Latest Troubles Occurring in the Kingdom of Eloquence) of 1658--span a significant portion of the Renaissance chronologically and represent two important vernacular traditions of writing about rhetoric.