Antoine Jérôme Balard

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Balard, Antoine Jérôme


Born Sept. 30, 1802, in Montpellier; died Mar. 30, 1876, in Paris. French chemist; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1844).

Balard was a pharmacist, then a university professor in Montpellier and in Paris (beginning in 1842). In 1826, while Balard was studying the brines in Mediterranean salt mines, he discovered a new element that he named muride (from the Latin muria,“brine”). Soon afterward, J. L. Gay-Lussac renamed it bromine.


Dumas, J. B. A. “Antoine Jéróme Balard.” In his book Discours et éloges académiques, vol. 2. Paris, 1885. Pages 81–114.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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