Antoine Meillet


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Meillet, Antoine

 

Born Nov. 11, 1866, in Moulins; died Sept. 21, 1936, in Châteaumeillant. French linguist. Member of the Académic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1924) and of many foreign academies and societies. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1906).

Meillet studied at the Sorbonne and became a professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes (1891) and at the College de France (1906). In 1889 he became a member of the Paris Linguistics Society, serving as its secretary from 1906 to 1936.

Meillet was a follower of F. de Saussure; he led the sociological school of linguistics. His chief works were devoted to comparative Indo-European linguistics, to specific language families, including the Slavic, Germanic, and Iranian, and to individual languages, including Greek, Latin, Armenian, and Hittite. In collaboration with M. Cohen, Meillet published Languages of the World (2nd ed., 1952).

WORKS

Les Dialectes indo-europeens, 2nd ed. Paris, 1922.
La Méthode comparative en linguistique historique. Oslo [et al.], 1925.
Linguistique historique et linguistique generale, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1926–36.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v sravnitel’noe izuchenie indoevropeiskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Obshcheslavianskii iazyk. Moscow, 1951.
Osnovnye osobennosti germanskoi gruppy iazykov. Moscow, 1952.

REFERENCES

Shcherba, L. V. “Pamiati A. Meillet.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1966, no. 3.
Sommerfelt, A. “Antoine Meillet: The Scholar and the Man.” In Portraits of Linguists, vol. 2. Bloomington-London, 1966.

R. A. AGEEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
College Jean Renoir, Jules Verne, Victor Hugo and Littre in Bourges, College Jean Moulin and College Jean Valette in St-Amand, College George Sand in Avord, College Antoine Meillet in Chateaumeillant, College Joliot Curie in Mehun-sur-Yevre, College Voltaire St-Florent College Roger Martin du Gard and College in Sancergues Sancerre, college Gerard Philippe in Aubigny, college dovecote in Dun sur Auron, college Claude Debussy La Guerche on Aubois, college Philibert Lautissier in Lignieres, college Julien Dumas in Nerondes, college Marguerite Audoux in Sancoins, Louis Armand college in Saint Doulchard).
Com efeito, para Emile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss e Antoine Meillet, aos quais se somaram mais tarde Marcel Granet e Emile Benveniste, a comparacao deveria estar no cerne de toda a reflexao sobre essa dimensao especifica da Natureza que e o Social.
O fragmento que reproduzimos abaixo e proveniente de uma carta que Saussure escreve em 1894 a seu antigo aluno e amigo Antoine Meillet e ilustra bem esse status particular das preocupacoes de Saussure sobre a linguistica geral:
Quanto ao primeiro sentido, este diz respeito aos trabalhos de linguistas como William Dwight Whitney, Michel Breal, Antoine Meillet, Joseph Vendryes, Otto Jespersen .
De um lado, o projeto que Charles Bally concebe, juntamente com Albert Sechehaye e com a colaboracao de Albert Riedlinger; de outro, um projeto que Antoine Meillet pretendia realizar com a colaboracao de Paul Regard.
No que diz respeito ao projeto de Bally, este afirma, em correspondencia enderecada a Antoine Meillet, datada de 29 de maio de 1913, que, tendo sido informado de seu projeto com a colaboracao Paul Regard, logo pediu a opiniao de alguns alunos de Saussure a proposito da natureza das licoes e das condicoes mais adequadas de uma possivel publicacao.
A analise processa-se em varios planos: a recuperacao do sentido de aemulari + acusativo (documentado em Plinio) preserva um matiz de significacao relevante que tem paralelo na restituicao de Pinnis em lugar de pennis, aproveitando a analise pertinente feita por Antoine Meillet, para entender o anagrama de Pindarus, escondido no v.
Saussure had always said he would never publish his reflections on general linguistics (Engler 45), yet he felt compelled to such theorizing, since, as he wrote to his friend Antoine Meillet, the lack of adequate terminology to show the general nature of language as an object of study was spoiling his enjoyment of historical linguistics (Morpurgo Davies 27).
From the coining of the term by Antoine Meillet in 1912, one comes to appreciate that Semitists were cognizant of the process without knowing it had a specific label, nor were they aware down through the decades of the twentieth century of the general linguistic literature in this field.
Not content with these bold but textually derived hypotheses, Parry then sought to prove them by analogy in the living laboratory of South Slavic oral epic, to which his own mentor Antoine Meillet and the Slavic philologist Matija Murko had alerted him.
This consultation concerns the supply of food from 11 colleges Cher (College Jean Renoir in Bourges, College Jean Moulin and College Jean Valette in Saint-Amand, College George Sand in Avord Littre school and college Jules Verne in Bourges, college Antoine Meillet in Chateaumeillant, Joliot Curie college Mehun-sur-Yevre, Voltaire College in Saint-Florent, Roger Martin du Gard to college and college Sancergues Sancerre).