Antoine Meillet

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Meillet, Antoine


Born Nov. 11, 1866, in Moulins; died Sept. 21, 1936, in Châteaumeillant. French linguist. Member of the Académic des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (1924) and of many foreign academies and societies. Corresponding member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1906).

Meillet studied at the Sorbonne and became a professor at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes (1891) and at the College de France (1906). In 1889 he became a member of the Paris Linguistics Society, serving as its secretary from 1906 to 1936.

Meillet was a follower of F. de Saussure; he led the sociological school of linguistics. His chief works were devoted to comparative Indo-European linguistics, to specific language families, including the Slavic, Germanic, and Iranian, and to individual languages, including Greek, Latin, Armenian, and Hittite. In collaboration with M. Cohen, Meillet published Languages of the World (2nd ed., 1952).


Les Dialectes indo-europeens, 2nd ed. Paris, 1922.
La Méthode comparative en linguistique historique. Oslo [et al.], 1925.
Linguistique historique et linguistique generale, 2nd ed., vols. 1–2. Paris, 1926–36.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v sravnitel’noe izuchenie indoevropeiskikh iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1938.
Obshcheslavianskii iazyk. Moscow, 1951.
Osnovnye osobennosti germanskoi gruppy iazykov. Moscow, 1952.


Shcherba, L. V. “Pamiati A. Meillet.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1966, no. 3.
Sommerfelt, A. “Antoine Meillet: The Scholar and the Man.” In Portraits of Linguists, vol. 2. Bloomington-London, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
College Jean Renoir, Jules Verne, Victor Hugo and Littre in Bourges, College Jean Moulin and College Jean Valette in St-Amand, College George Sand in Avord, College Antoine Meillet in Chateaumeillant, College Joliot Curie in Mehun-sur-Yevre, College Voltaire St-Florent College Roger Martin du Gard and College in Sancergues Sancerre, college Gerard Philippe in Aubigny, college dovecote in Dun sur Auron, college Claude Debussy La Guerche on Aubois, college Philibert Lautissier in Lignieres, college Julien Dumas in Nerondes, college Marguerite Audoux in Sancoins, Louis Armand college in Saint Doulchard).
From the coining of the term by Antoine Meillet in 1912, one comes to appreciate that Semitists were cognizant of the process without knowing it had a specific label, nor were they aware down through the decades of the twentieth century of the general linguistic literature in this field.
Not content with these bold but textually derived hypotheses, Parry then sought to prove them by analogy in the living laboratory of South Slavic oral epic, to which his own mentor Antoine Meillet and the Slavic philologist Matija Murko had alerted him.