Anton Bruckner

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Bruckner, Anton

(än`tōn bro͝ok`nər), 1824–96, Austrian composer. He was appointed organist at the Linz cathedral in 1856 before becoming court organist in Vienna in 1868, where he later taught at the conservatory and university. He established a reputation as a virtuoso organist on trips to France in 1869 and to England in 1871, but as a composer he gained recognition slowly. Although he was influenced by the chromatic harmony and orchestral grandeur of Wagner's music, his work is marked by contrapuntal complexity and extended melodies, in the formal tradition of Beethoven and Schubert. His outstanding works are the Masses in D Minor (1864), in E Minor (1869), and F Minor (1872); a Te Deum (1886); and nine symphonies, of which the Fourth or Romantic (1881), the Eighth, or Apocalyptic (composed 1884–87), and the Ninth (composed 1891–96) are best known. He also wrote motets, cantatas, chamber music, piano and organ pieces, and pieces for male chorus.


See studies by H. F. Redlich (1955), E. Doernberg (1960, repr. 1968), and R. Simpson (Am. ed. 1968).

Bruckner, Anton


Born Sept. 4, 1824, in the village of Ansfelden, near Linz; died Oct. 11, 1896, in Vienna. Austrian composer, organist, and teacher.

Bruckner was an organist in Austrian monasteries and later at Linz Cathedral. From 1868 he lived in Vienna, where he was teacher of music theory and organ at the conservatory and the university. Bruckner primarily wrote symphonic music, reviving in his works the monumental style of Beethoven’s and Schubert’s symphonies. The most important of these are the Third Symphony, dedicated to R. Wagner (1873); the Fourth, “Romantic” (1874); the Seventh (1883); the Eighth, so-called Tragic (1887); and the Ninth, so-called Gothic, which remained unfinished (1894). Bruckner also composed religious music, including the Te Deum and masses for organ.

Bruckner’s music is characterized by loftiness, seriousness, and conceptual profundity combined with a dramatic quality and epic scope; it is also marked by warmth and sincerity. Bruckner’s symphonies embody his reverential awe before the greatness of the universe, and this lends a unique exaltation and hymnal quality to his music. Folklore intonations are often utilized by Bruckner in his works.


Rappoport, L. A. Bruckner. Moscow, 1963.
Göllerich, A., and A. Auer. A. Bruckner, vols. 1-4. Regensburg, 1922-37.
Auer, M. A. Bruckner: Sein Leben und Werk, 6th ed. Vienna, 1949.
Kurth, E. A. Bruckner, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1925.
Dennert, M. A. Bruckner. Leipzig, 1958.
Nowak, L. A. Bruckner: Musik und Leben. Vienna-Munich, 1964.
Simpson, R. The Essence of Bruckner. London, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Although Rietsch emphasised the music of the older masters, he was considered an expert even on the music of contemporaries - for example Arnold Schonberg, Igor Stravinsky, Anton Bruckner or Max Reger.
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COMPOSER Anton Bruckner struggled with his massive Eighth Symphony.
This time around, we are comparing two versions of a work that may be more familiar to more readers, the 4th Symphony of the Austrian composer, Anton Bruckner.
While the Anton Bruckner Institut Linz in Austria remains at the forefront of Bruckner research and is responsible for most of the important scholarly publications which appear at regular intervals - the proceedings of the annual Bruckner-Symposion Linz (BSL), the Bruckner-Jahrbuch (BJ), the Anton Bruckner Dokumente & Studien series (ABDS) and the biannual Mitteilungsblatt der Internationalen Bruckner-Gesellschaft (MIBG) - one particularly pleasing aspect of recent Bruckner scholarship has been the increasing recognition of the composer's importance outside central Europe and the efforts made by American scholars in particular to subject him to the same close scrutiny that other composers (Beethoven, Mozart and Schubert, to mention but three) have enjoyed in the past few years.
From the famous trombone solo in Mozart's Requiem to the transcendent works of Anton Bruckner for chorus and trombones, the great composers have long featured the trombone for the most special moments in their sacred music.
The performance will take audiences through masterful renditions of famous pieces by established composers such as Modest Mussorgsky and Anton Bruckner.
Mahler's great teacher, Anton Bruckner - vastly apart in temperaments and techniques, but often bracketed together - figures in this CBSO season.
Through the centuries, many famous composers - including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Salieri and Anton Bruckner - worked with the choir.