Anton Bruckner

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Bruckner, Anton

(än`tōn bro͝ok`nər), 1824–96, Austrian composer. He was appointed organist at the Linz cathedral in 1856 before becoming court organist in Vienna in 1868, where he later taught at the conservatory and university. He established a reputation as a virtuoso organist on trips to France in 1869 and to England in 1871, but as a composer he gained recognition slowly. Although he was influenced by the chromatic harmony and orchestral grandeur of Wagner's music, his work is marked by contrapuntal complexity and extended melodies, in the formal tradition of Beethoven and Schubert. His outstanding works are the Masses in D Minor (1864), in E Minor (1869), and F Minor (1872); a Te Deum (1886); and nine symphonies, of which the Fourth or Romantic (1881), the Eighth, or Apocalyptic (composed 1884–87), and the Ninth (composed 1891–96) are best known. He also wrote motets, cantatas, chamber music, piano and organ pieces, and pieces for male chorus.


See studies by H. F. Redlich (1955), E. Doernberg (1960, repr. 1968), and R. Simpson (Am. ed. 1968).

Bruckner, Anton


Born Sept. 4, 1824, in the village of Ansfelden, near Linz; died Oct. 11, 1896, in Vienna. Austrian composer, organist, and teacher.

Bruckner was an organist in Austrian monasteries and later at Linz Cathedral. From 1868 he lived in Vienna, where he was teacher of music theory and organ at the conservatory and the university. Bruckner primarily wrote symphonic music, reviving in his works the monumental style of Beethoven’s and Schubert’s symphonies. The most important of these are the Third Symphony, dedicated to R. Wagner (1873); the Fourth, “Romantic” (1874); the Seventh (1883); the Eighth, so-called Tragic (1887); and the Ninth, so-called Gothic, which remained unfinished (1894). Bruckner also composed religious music, including the Te Deum and masses for organ.

Bruckner’s music is characterized by loftiness, seriousness, and conceptual profundity combined with a dramatic quality and epic scope; it is also marked by warmth and sincerity. Bruckner’s symphonies embody his reverential awe before the greatness of the universe, and this lends a unique exaltation and hymnal quality to his music. Folklore intonations are often utilized by Bruckner in his works.


Rappoport, L. A. Bruckner. Moscow, 1963.
Göllerich, A., and A. Auer. A. Bruckner, vols. 1-4. Regensburg, 1922-37.
Auer, M. A. Bruckner: Sein Leben und Werk, 6th ed. Vienna, 1949.
Kurth, E. A. Bruckner, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1925.
Dennert, M. A. Bruckner. Leipzig, 1958.
Nowak, L. A. Bruckner: Musik und Leben. Vienna-Munich, 1964.
Simpson, R. The Essence of Bruckner. London, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Although Rietsch emphasised the music of the older masters, he was considered an expert even on the music of contemporaries - for example Arnold Schonberg, Igor Stravinsky, Anton Bruckner or Max Reger.
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A biographical sketch of Anton Bruckner appears that is the same in all the symphonies in the series, but he then goes on to explain in detail, and very eloquently, the 4th Symphony.
Moreover, Mathis-Rosenzweig devoted sufficient space to the music of Mahler's older contemporary, Anton Bruckner, whose musical style was influenced by his own devotion to Wagner's music.
28 and 30 for new members for the 2012-13 season and for a March performance of the Anton Bruckner E Minor Mass in New York's Carnegie Hall.
Joan Rodgers and Benedict Nelson Barber Institute, Birmingham University In theory it was a brilliant idea to turn this concert into a celebration of Mahler and Wolf, both great Viennese songsmiths, both born 150 years ago, and both disciples of their teacher Anton Bruckner.
Featuring four sacred motets and four premieres from the new opera "The Canticle of the Black Madonna," the program interweaves work by Thomas Tallis and Anton Bruckner with work by Eugene contemporary composers Robert Chastain, Diana Rosenblum and Ethan Gans-Morse.
At Sunday's concert with the Bavarian State Orchestra conductor Kent Nagano collected the Wilhelm Furtwangler 2010 prize, celebrating with a Furtwangler "special", the wonderful Seventh Symphony of Anton Bruckner.
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May 17, the symphony will perform a program that includes works by Hector Berlioz, Franz Liszt and Anton Bruckner.
The Ceremony of Innocence had rich and disturbingly powerful music by Anton Bruckner (The String Quintet in A Major) and by Mozart with readings by Timothy West, Prunella Scales and Adrian Schiller.
The repertoire will feature works by Pavel Tchesnokov, Morten Lauridsen, Eric Ewazen and Anton Bruckner.