Krushel’nitskii, Anton Vladislavovich
Born July 23 (Aug. 4), 1878, in the settlement of Lancut (now in Poland); died Nov. 13, 1941. Ukrainian writer. Son of a civil servant.
Krushel’nitskii graduated from the philosophy department of the University of L’vov. His first collection of stories, Proletarians, was published in 1899. His work reflects his path from bourgeois liberalism to democratism. He served as minister of education in the Petliura “government” and then in 1919 emigrated to Austria. He rejected his former delusions and spoke out against bourgeois nationalists. Krushel’nitskii returned to the Western Ukraine in 1925 and in L’vov became the editor of the magazines Novi shliakhy (New Paths) and Krytyka (Criticism).
His best works were the novel Felling the Forest (vols. 1–2, 1919) and the novella Daily Bread (1920). His works reflect the difficult working conditions in the Western Ukraine and depict the workers’ participation in the social struggle. Krushel’nitskii came under attack for advocating unification of the territory of the Western Ukraine with the Soviet Ukraine. He was imprisoned in Poland in 1932 and 1933 and moved to the Soviet Ukraine in 1934.
WORKSHomin Halyts’koi zemli (1918–1919), parts 1–2. Kharkov, 1930–32.
Budennyi khlib: Rubaiut’ lis. L’vov, 1960.