Anton Webern

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Related to Anton Webern: Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, Igor Stravinsky
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Webern, Anton


Born Dec. 3, 1883, in Vienna; died Sept. 15, 1945, in Mittersill, near Salzburg. Austrian composer and conductor.

Webern studied musicology under G. Adler at the University of Vienna (1902-06) and composition under A. Schönberg (1904-08). From 1908 he worked as an operatic and symphonic conductor in Austrian and German cities as well as in Prague. He directed the chorus of the Vienna Workers’ Choral Society. During 1927-38, Webern was a conductor on the Austrian radio but was discharged from this position after the establishment of the Nazi regime in Austria.

Webern composed a number of orchestral and chamber works, as well as songs, cantatas, and choral works. An adherent of Schönberg’s atonal school, Webern carried its principles to extreme forms of expression. Maximum refinement of sound is combined in Webern’s music with a rigid structural scheme and an abstractness of concept. His creative work determined the formalistic trends in postwar avant-garde music in the West. Webern’s cycle of conversations Paths to the New Music was published posthumously (1960).


Reich, W. A. Webern: Weg und Gestalt. Zürich, 1961.
A. Webern. Vienna, 1955.
Kolneder, W. A. Webern: Einführung in Werk und Stil. Roden- kirchen, 1961.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Written before he gained his reputation as one of the 20th Century's leading avant-garde "12 tone'"composers, Vienna's own Anton Webern composed his lyrical and passionate Langsamer Satz - or Slow Movement - when 21 and in love with his cousin, whom he later married.
She begins by mapping aesthetic and cultural boundaries in discussions of landscaping German song, modernism, genre, and musical perspectives Then she profiles Lieder composers Hans Pfitzner, Hanns Eisler, Paul Hindemith, Arnold Sch|nber, Alban Berg, and Anton Webern. ([umlaut] Ringgold, Inc., Portland, OR)
He borrowed freely from the music of Anton Webern, John Cage and others and also composed electronically.
The vocal works of Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and Alban Berg, composers often referred to as The Second Viennese School, are often neglected due to the assumption that the works will be atonal and therefore musically unachievable for performers and unsatisfying for audiences.
Such luminaries as J S Bach, Robert Schumann, Frederic Chopin, Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, Anton Webern, Alfred Cortot and Willem Mengelberg all were known to have expressed anti-Semitic views in their lives.
During his university years, Young was impressed by the music of Bela Bartok, Igor Stravinsky, Perotin, Leonin, Claude Debussy, Indian classical music, and the serialism of Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern. In 1959 Young studied with Karlheinz Stockhausen at Darmstadt.
Apres l'entracte elles ont joue pour Anton Webern, six bagatelles pour quatuor a cordes-1913 et pour Claude Debussy, quatuor op.10-1893.
Essays address music functioning within esoteric and scientific traditions and theories and works by authors like Marsilio Ficino, Tommaso Campanella, Athanasius Kircher, Johannes Kepler, Marin Mersenne, Abu Ma'shar, and Giovanni Battista della Porta, or the influence of those traditions on musical works, such as pieces by John Dowland, Ferruccio Busoni, Orlando di Lasso, Alexander Scriabin, and Anton Webern. Some essays are in French or Italian, with English abstracts.
Music by Debussy, Gyorgy Kurtag, Anton Webern, Liszt, Michael Blake, Gamal Abdel-Rahim, Paul Hanmer, JH Kwabena Nketia, Joshua Uzoigwe and Kevin Volans will also be performed.
This critical material could possibly defeat a reader, and it might have been better to include short biographical outlines of Blinding Moment's subjects: Anton Webern, Beethoven, Handel, and Olivier Messiaen.